ERIC Number: EJ1172662
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Input-Enhanced Instruction on Iranian EFL Learners' Production of Appropriate and Accurate Suggestions
Ghavamnia, M.; Eslami-Rasekh, A.; Vahid Dastjerdi, H.
Language Learning Journal, v46 n2 p114-131 2018
This study investigates the relative effectiveness of four types of input-enhanced instruction on the development of Iranian EFL learners' production of pragmatically appropriate and grammatically accurate suggestions. Over a 16-week course, input delivered through video clips was enhanced differently in four intact classes: (1) metapragmatic explanation (n = 21), (2) form-comparison (n = 21), (3) typographically enhanced input along with input flooding (n = 25) and (4) meaning-focused (n = 28). The four treatment groups were compared with a control group (n = 15) on pre-test and post-test performance, each test comprising two production tasks: leaving a message on an answerphone and sending an email. The results revealed that the treatment groups improved on the post-test in comparison to the pre-test, outperforming the control group. Although this improvement was significant for all four treatment groups on the email task, the form-comparison and the metapragmatic explanation groups performed significantly better than the other two treatment groups on the answerphone task. This study proposes that pedagogic treatment in this area of research is better operationalised by degree of input enhancement than by dichotomies such as explicit versus implicit or deductive versus inductive learning.
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Pretests Posttests, Instructional Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Foreign Countries, Experimental Groups, Grammar, Electronic Mail, Telecommunications, Pragmatics, Task Analysis, Video Technology, Speech Acts, Interlanguage, Females, Majors (Students), College Students, Translation, Statistical Analysis, Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran