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Fagan, Joseph F., III – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1973
Infants 21- to 25-weeks-old devoted more visual fixation to novel than familiar stimuli on immediate and delayed recognition tests. The experiments confirm the existence of long-term recognition memory for pictorial stimuli in the early months of life. (DP)
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Infants, Memory, Recognition
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Hayne, Harlene; And Others – Child Development, 1987
Infants were tested in three studies of the acquisition and long-term retention of category-specific information. Results document retention of category-specific information after intervals of two weeks. (PCB)
Descriptors: Classification, Infants, Learning Processes, Long Term Memory
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Courage, Mary L.; Howe, Mark L. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1998
Two experiments used paired-comparisons to investigate 3-month olds' recognition of dynamic visual events after various retention intervals. Results indicated a changing pattern of attentional preferences over time consistent with models of infant recognition memory in which novelty, familiarity, and null preferences are considered conjointly and…
Descriptors: Attention, Familiarity, Infant Behavior, Infants
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Damian, Markus F.; Dorjee, Dusana; Stadthagen-Gonzalez, Hans – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
Although it is relatively well established that access to orthographic codes in production tasks is possible via an autonomous link between meaning and spelling (e.g., Rapp, Benzing, & Caramazza, 1997), the relative contribution of phonology to orthographic access remains unclear. Two experiments demonstrated persistent repetition priming in…
Descriptors: Priming, Evidence, Spelling, Phonology
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Mast, Vicki K.; And Others – Child Development, 1980
Tested the persistence over 24 hours of reward-expectation habits in infants. A comparison was made between the responses of two groups of infants (infants with a history of reinforcement with large, complex mobiles, and infants with no prior history of reinforcement with mobiles) on a task reinforced by a small mobile. (Author/SS)
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Expectation, Habit Formation, Infants
John, Kirk R. – 1993
This document defines memory as a complex, interactive process that is a prerequisite for all higher learning. Without intact memory skills, a host of disorders may ensue ranging from mild learning problems to disorientation and helplessness (Lezak, 1983). Because of the pervasive and central role memory plays in people's lives, school…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Child Development, Children
Ohr, Phyllis, S.; Fagen, Jeffrey W. – American Journal on Mental Retardation, 1991
This study of 20 3-month-old infants with Down's syndrome and 20 nondisabled infants found that both groups were successfully trained to produce movement in an overhead crib mobile by kicking, and displayed long-term retention a week later. Conditioning and retention-test performance of the two groups did not differ. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Conditioning, Downs Syndrome, Infants, Learning
Ohr, Phyllis S.; Fagen, Jeffrey W. – 1984
The influence of negative affect on the retrieval of information from memory during infancy was investigated in two studies through the use of an operant conditioning paradigm. The procedure used, known as "mobile conjugate reinforcement," involves a free operant task in which an infant is reinforced for footkicking by the movement of an…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Cues, Emotional Response, Infant Behavior
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Waters, Jennie M.; Bangston, Stephanie K. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2001
Two experiments using deferred imitation tested whether multiple experiences were necessary, or merely facilitative, of 9-month-olds' long-term recall. Found that infants did not demonstrate recall of a multi-step sequence experienced one, two, or three times a month earlier. However, when re-exposed to the experience 1 week after the initial…
Descriptors: Experience, Imitation, Infants, Long Term Memory
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Morrongiello, Barbara A.; Lasenby, Jennifer; Lee, Naomi – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2003
Two studies examined the impact of temporal synchrony on infants' learning of and memory for sight-sound pairs. Findings indicated that 7-month-olds had no difficulty learning auditory-visual pairs regardless of temporal synchrony, remembering them 10 minutes later and 1 week later. Three-month-olds showed poorer learning in no-synchrony than in…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Cross Sectional Studies, Generalization
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Meltzoff, Andrew N. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1995
Long-term recall memory was assessed in 14- and 16 month-olds using a nonverbal method requiring subjects to reenact a past event from memory. The results demonstrated significant deferred imitation after delays of two and four months, and that the toddlers retained and imitated multiple acts. (MDM)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Imitation, Long Term Memory, Memory
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Nelson, Charles A. – Developmental Psychology, 1995
Reviews the literature on the relation between early memory development and corresponding changes in brain development of infants. Finds that an adult-like form of explicit memory emerges between 8 and 12 months of age, drawing heavily on limbic and cortical structures. Offers theoretical perspectives for studying the ontogeny of memory. (JW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Conditioning, Developmental Stages
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Adler, Scott A.; Rovee-Collier, Carolyn; Wilk, Amy – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2000
Four experiments examined whether reinstatement and reactivation reminder paradigms affected memory performance of 102 three-month-olds. Results indicated that a single reinstatement protracted retention twice as long after training as a single reactivation. The novelty of the reminder stimulus also affected duration and specificity of memory in…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Infant Behavior, Infants, Long Term Memory
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Gerhardstein, Peter; Liu, Jane; Rovee-Collier, Carolyn – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1998
Three experiments examined characteristics of a stimulus-cueing retrieval from long-term memory for 3-month olds. Used mobiles displaying either Qs (feature-present stimuli) or Os (feature-absent stimuli) and tested 24 hours later. Findings indicated that target-distractor similarity constraints, whether or not a feature-present stimulus, would…
Descriptors: Cues, Infants, Long Term Memory, Memory
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Gulya, Michele; Sweeney, Becky; Rovee-Collier, Carolyn – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1999
Three experiments demonstrated that increasing the length of a mobile serial list impaired 6-month olds' memory for serial order. Findings indicated that the primacy effect was absent on a 24-hour delayed recognition test and was exhibited on a reactivation test, adding to growing evidence that young infants possess two functionally distinct…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Infant Behavior, Infants, Long Term Memory
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