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Showing 31 to 45 of 98 results Save | Export
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Snyder, Kelly A.; Garza, John; Zolot, Liza; Kresse, Anna – Infancy, 2010
Electrophysiological work in nonhuman primates has established the existence of multiple types of signals in the temporal lobe that contribute to recognition memory, including information regarding a stimulus's relative novelty, familiarity, and recency of occurrence. We used high-density event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine whether young…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Familiarity, Infants, Recognition (Psychology)
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Bugental, Daphne Blunt; Schwartz, Alex; Lynch, Colleen – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2010
Developmental psychologists have long been concerned with the ways that early adversity influences children's long-term outcomes. In the current study, activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of medically at-risk (e.g., preterm) infants was measured as a result of maternal participation in a novel cognitively based home visitation…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Educational Objectives, Program Effectiveness, Home Visits
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Ribordy, Farfalla; Jabes, Adeline; Lavenex, Pamela Banta; Lavenex, Pierre – Cognitive Psychology, 2013
Episodic memories for autobiographical events that happen in unique spatiotemporal contexts are central to defining who we are. Yet, before 2 years of age, children are unable to form or store episodic memories for recall later in life, a phenomenon known as infantile amnesia. Here, we studied the development of allocentric spatial memory, a…
Descriptors: Memory, Toddlers, Rewards, Cues
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Bornstein, Marc H.; Arterberry, Martha E.; Mash, Clay – Infancy, 2004
We examined infants' long-term retention of a single unique emotional experience into early childhood. Twenty-month-olds who had participated in a still-face procedure at 5 months (experience group) fixated the face of the person who had instigated the still face significantly less than the faces of 2 other novel persons. Control 20-month-olds…
Descriptors: Infants, Long Term Memory, Emotional Experience, Interpersonal Relationship
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Colon, Lorianna; Odynocki, Natalie; Santarelli, Anthony; Poulos, Andrew M. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Development and sex differentiation impart an organizational influence on the neuroanatomy and behavior of mammalian species. Prior studies suggest that brain regions associated with fear motivated defensive behavior undergo a protracted and sex-dependent development. Outside of adult animals, evidence for developmental sex differences in…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Fear, Behavior
Bauer, Patricia J. – Zero to Three (J), 2009
Adults experience a paucity of memories from infancy and early childhood. This childhood amnesia contributed to the impression that infants and young children lacked the ability to remember the experiences of their lives. The development of nonverbal tests of memory led to a revision of this perspective and a wealth of evidence that young children…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Tests, Young Children, Infants, Memory
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Friedrich, Manuela; Friederici, Angela D. – Developmental Science, 2017
The present study explored the origins of word learning in early infancy. Using event-related potentials (ERP) we monitored the brain activity of 3-month-old infants when they were repeatedly exposed to several initially novel words paired consistently with each the same initially novel objects or inconsistently with different objects. Our results…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Infants, Brain, Diagnostic Tests
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Halle, Pierre A.; Durand, Catherine; de Boysson-Bardies, Benedicte – Language and Speech, 2008
The first part of this study examined (Parisian) French-learning 11-month-old infants' recognition of the six definite and indefinite French articles: "le", "la", "les", "un", "une", and "des". The six articles were compared with pseudoarticles in the context of disyllabic or monosyllabic…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Nouns, French, Infants
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Perris, Eve Emmanuel; And Others – Child Development, 1990
Children's memory of single infant experience was evaluated. At 6.5 months, infants participated in study of reaching in light and dark for sounding object. Children repeated dark procedure in laboratory when they were either one year or two years older. Older children with infant experience reached and grasped the sounding object significantly…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Cues, Early Experience, Encoding (Psychology)
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Bogartz, Richard S. – Developmental Review, 1996
Reviews three response rate measures (in a baseline measurement, immediately after acquisition, and at a long-term retention test) of infant memory that are used in experiments involving infants' conditioned kicking. Compares these measures to a new measure, the fraction of kicking rate remaining after the retention interval. Explains the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Infants, Measurement Objectives, Memory
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Richmond, Jenny; Nelson, Charles A. – Developmental Review, 2007
The medial temporal lobe memory system matures relatively early and supports rudimentary declarative memory in young infants. There is considerable development, however, in the memory processes that underlie declarative memory performance during infancy. Here we consider age-related changes in encoding, retention, and retrieval in the context of…
Descriptors: Infants, Brain, Memory, Cognitive Development
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Johnson, Scott P.; Shuwairi, Sarah M. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2009
We investigated 4-month-olds' oculomotor anticipations when viewing occlusion stimuli consisting of a small target that moved back and forth repetitively while the center of its trajectory was occluded by a rectangular screen. We examined performance under five conditions. In the "baseline" condition, infants produced few predictive relative to…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Long Term Memory, Infants, Visual Stimuli
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Solter, Aletha – Infant and Child Development, 2008
A child who had had surgery at 5 months of age, and who had been treated at the time for post-traumatic symptoms (reported in a previous paper by the author), was interviewed 2 years later and almost 3 years later to test for possible verbal recall of his hospitalization. He appeared to have some memories of the experience at 29 months of age, and…
Descriptors: Surgery, Recall (Psychology), Long Term Memory, Adults
Ohr, Phyllis, S.; Fagen, Jeffrey W. – American Journal on Mental Retardation, 1991
This study of 20 3-month-old infants with Down's syndrome and 20 nondisabled infants found that both groups were successfully trained to produce movement in an overhead crib mobile by kicking, and displayed long-term retention a week later. Conditioning and retention-test performance of the two groups did not differ. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Conditioning, Downs Syndrome, Infants, Learning
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Meltzoff, Andrew N. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1995
Long-term recall memory was assessed in 14- and 16 month-olds using a nonverbal method requiring subjects to reenact a past event from memory. The results demonstrated significant deferred imitation after delays of two and four months, and that the toddlers retained and imitated multiple acts. (MDM)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Imitation, Long Term Memory, Memory
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