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Hirte, Monika; Graf, Frauke; Kim, Ziyon; Knopf, Monika – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
From birth on, infants show long-term recognition memory for persons. Furthermore, infants from six months onwards are able to store and retrieve demonstrated actions over long-term intervals in deferred imitation tasks. Thus, information about the model demonstrating the object-related actions is stored and recognition memory for the objects as…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Long Term Memory, Retention (Psychology), Recognition (Psychology)
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Singh, Leher; Nestor, Sarah; Parikh, Chandni; Yull, Ashley – Infancy, 2009
When addressing infants, many adults adopt a particular type of speech, known as infant-directed speech (IDS). IDS is characterized by exaggerated intonation, as well as reduced speech rate, shorter utterance duration, and grammatical simplification. It is commonly asserted that IDS serves in part to facilitate language learning. Although…
Descriptors: Infants, Word Recognition, Long Term Memory, Verbal Stimuli
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Flom, Ross; Bahrick, Lorraine E. – Developmental Psychology, 2010
This research examined the effects of bimodal audiovisual and unimodal visual stimulation on infants' memory for the visual orientation of a moving toy hammer following a 5-min, 2-week, or 1-month retention interval. According to the intersensory redundancy hypothesis (L. E. Bahrick & R. Lickliter, 2000; L. E. Bahrick, R. Lickliter, & R. Flom,…
Descriptors: Stimulation, Familiarity, Attention, Infants
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Trainor, Laurel J.; Wu, Luann; Tsang, Christine D. – Developmental Science, 2004
We show that infants' long-term memory representations for melodies are not just reduced to the structural features of relative pitches and durations, but contain surface or performance tempo- and timbre-specific information. Using a head turn preference procedure, we found that after a one week exposure to an old English folk song, infants…
Descriptors: Music, Singing, Infants, Long Term Memory
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Bae, Sarah E.; Richardson, Rick – Learning & Memory, 2018
Recent studies have shown that exposure to a novel environment may stabilize the persistence of weak memories, a phenomenon often attributed to a process referred to as "behavioral tagging." While this phenomenon has been repeatedly demonstrated in adult animals, no studies to date have examined whether it occurs in infant animals, which…
Descriptors: Animals, Memory, Conditioning, Retention (Psychology)
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Keren-Portnoy, Tamar; Vihman, Marilyn; Fisher, Robin Lindop – Language Learning and Development, 2019
Researchers disagree as to the importance for infant language learning of isolated words, which occur relatively rarely in input speech. Brent and Siskind (2001) showed that the first words infants "produce" are words their mothers used most frequently in isolation. Here we investigate the long-term effects of presentation mode on…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Teaching Methods
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Karaman, Ferhat; Hay, Jessica F. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Research over the past 2 decades has demonstrated that infants are equipped with remarkable computational abilities that allow them to find words in continuous speech. Infants can encode information about the transitional probability (TP) between syllables to segment words from artificial and natural languages. As previous research has tested…
Descriptors: Infants, Retention (Psychology), Word Recognition, Familiarity
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Bhatt, Ramesh S.; Rovee-Collier, Carolyn – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1997
Four experiments examined effects of the number of features and feature relations on learning and long-term memory in 3-month olds. Findings suggested that memory load size selectively constrained infants' long-term memory for relational information, suggesting that in infants, features and relations are psychologically distinct and that memory…
Descriptors: Infants, Learning Processes, Long Term Memory, Memory
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Tallot, Lucille; Diaz-Mataix, Lorenzo; Perry, Rosemarie E.; Wood, Kira; LeDoux, Joseph E.; Mouly, Anne-Marie; Sullivan, Regina M.; Doyère, Valérie – Learning & Memory, 2017
The updating of a memory is triggered whenever it is reactivated and a mismatch from what is expected (i.e., prediction error) is detected, a process that can be unraveled through the memory's sensitivity to protein synthesis inhibitors (i.e., reconsolidation). As noted in previous studies, in Pavlovian threat/aversive conditioning in adult rats,…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Error Patterns, Cognitive Processes, Brain
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Perone, Sammy; Spencer, John P. – Cognitive Science, 2013
Looking is a fundamental exploratory behavior by which infants acquire knowledge about the world. In theories of infant habituation, however, looking as an exploratory behavior has been deemphasized relative to the reliable nature with which looking indexes active cognitive processing. We present a new theory that connects looking to the dynamics…
Descriptors: Infants, Eye Movements, Neurology, Habituation
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Friedrich, Manuela; Friederici, Angela D. – Developmental Science, 2017
The present study explored the origins of word learning in early infancy. Using event-related potentials (ERP) we monitored the brain activity of 3-month-old infants when they were repeatedly exposed to several initially novel words paired consistently with each the same initially novel objects or inconsistently with different objects. Our results…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Infants, Brain, Diagnostic Tests
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Pathman, Thanujeni; Bauer, Patricia J. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
The first years of life are witness to rapid changes in long-term recall ability. In the current research we contributed to an explanation of the changes by testing the absolute and relative contributions to long-term recall of encoding and post-encoding processes. Using elicited imitation, we sampled the status of 16-, 20-, and 24-month-old…
Descriptors: Infants, Long Term Memory, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Ilari, Beatriz; Polka, Linda – International Journal of Music Education, 2006
Listening preferences for two pieces, Prelude and Forlane from "Le tombeau de Couperin" by Maurice Ravel (1875-1937), were assessed in two experiments conducted with 8-month-old infants, using the Headturn Preference Procedure (HPP). Experiment 1 showed that infants, who have never heard the pieces, could clearly make a distinction between the…
Descriptors: Music Education, Music, Infants, Long Term Memory
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Odd, David Edward; Emond, Alan; Whitelaw, Andrew – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2012
Aim: To investigate whether infants born late preterm have poorer cognitive outcomes than term-born infants. Method: A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Cognitive measures were assessed between the ages of 8 and 11 years. Exposure groups were defined as moderate/late preterm (32-36 weeks' gestation) or term…
Descriptors: Infants, Neonates, Body Weight, Measures (Individuals)
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Kopp, Franziska; Lindenberger, Ulman – Developmental Science, 2011
Joint attention develops during the first year of life but little is known about its effects on long-term memory. We investigated whether joint attention modulates long-term memory in 9-month-old infants. Infants were familiarized with visually presented objects in either of two conditions that differed in the degree of joint attention (high…
Descriptors: Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Infants, Medicine, Long Term Memory
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