ERIC Number: EJ1080026
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Cross-Country Variation in Adult Skills Inequality: Why Are Skill Levels and Opportunities so Unequal in Anglophone Countries?
Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola
Comparative Education Review, v59 n4 p595-618 Nov 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both skills opportunities and outcomes and uses pseudo-cohort analysis to establish trends over time and during the life course. The analysis shows that adults' skills in Anglophone countries, and particularly in the United States and England, tend to be more unequal than in other countries on a wide range of measures. This cannot be explained by intercohort differences, skills distributions among adult migrants, or levels and distributions of adult learning, but inequality in education levels provides a strong predictor of skills inequality among adults. Whereas research suggests that early selection drives skills inequality in compulsory schooling, certain forms of tracking, such as bifurcation into academic or apprenticeship/vocational education in upper secondary education, can have a mitigating effect.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Learning, Equal Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Opportunities, Surveys, Cohort Analysis, Educational Trends, Predictor Variables, Apprenticeships, Vocational Education, Secondary Education, Numeracy, Statistical Analysis, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Austria; Belgium; Canada; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Russia; Slovakia; South Korea; Spain; Sweden; United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Northern Ireland); United Kingdom (Scotland); United States