ERIC Number: EJ1110876
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Standardization of Lower Secondary Civic Education and Inequality of the Civic and Political Engagement of Students
Witschge, Jacqueline; van de Werfhorst, Herman G.
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v27 n3 p367-384 2016
In this paper, the relation between the standardization of civic education and the inequality of civic engagement is examined. Using data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2009 among early adolescents and Eurydice country-level data, three-level analysis and variance function regression are applied to examine whether there is a relation between measures of civic education standardization and inequality in three dimensions of civic engagement: civic knowledge, interest in social and political issues, and participation in the community. Inequality is conceptualized as differences in students' civic engagement between schools and the association between social origin and civic engagement. The results demonstrate that accountability is associated with more inequality in civic knowledge, whereas centralization is associated with less inequality in non-cognitive civic engagement.
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Correlation, Standards, Equal Education, Regression (Statistics), Social Problems, Knowledge Level, Secondary School Students, Accountability, Student Attitudes, Tests, Student Characteristics, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A