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Foltz, Carol; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1995
Studied 100 adolescents' approaches to problem-solving proofs and reasoning competence tasks. Found that a formal level of reasoning competence is associated with a deductive approach. Results support the notion of a cognitive development progression from an inductive approach to a deductive approach. (ETB)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Adolescents, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the fifth volume of the proceedings of the 30th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 59 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Sac and Zaz:…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Symbols (Mathematics), Preservice Teacher Education
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Lee, Seong-Soo – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1985
To assess the teachability of conditional logic structure, the commonly used syllogistic conditional reasoning task was divided into three main components: (1) inductive rule learning; (2) induction of conditional language; and (3) deductive interpretation. When trained on all components, fifth and seventh graders became very competent in dealing…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools
Pellegrino, James W.; Glaser, Robert – 1984
A major focus of the psychology of instruction is understanding and facilitating the changes in cognition and performance that occur as an individual moves from low to higher competence in a domain of knowledge and skill. A new program of research which examines the initial state of the learner as a component of this transition in competence is…
Descriptors: Aptitude, Aptitude Tests, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes
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Bowd, Alan D. – Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1975
Kindergarten children were administered tests of inductive reasoning and field dependence and a series of perceptual egocentrism tasks. Results confirm a positive relation between field dependence and perceptual egocentrism; they also question the validity of the field-dependence construct in early childhood. (GO)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education, Egocentrism
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Brown, Robert T.; Jackson, Lee A. – Journal of School Psychology, 1992
Reviews research on inductive reasoning errors, including seeing patterns or relationships where none exist, neglecting statistical regression, overgeneralizing unrepresentative data, and drawing conclusions based on incomplete decision matrices. Considers "false consensus effect," through which associations with like-minded people lead one to…
Descriptors: Clinical Psychology, Error Patterns, Induction, Research and Development
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Dillon, Ronna F. – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1985
Undergraduates were given complex figural analogies items, and eye movements were observed under three types of feedback: (1) elaborate feedback; (2) subjects verbalized their thinking and application of rules; and (3) no feedback. Both feedback conditions enhanced the rule-governed information processing during inductive reasoning. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Feedback, Higher Education, Individual Testing
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Kirby, John R.; Das, J. P. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
The simultaneous and successive processing model of cognitive abilities was compared to a traditional primary mental abilities model. Simultaneous processing was found to be primarily related to spatial ability; and to a lesser extent, to memory and inductive reasoning. Subjects were 104 fourth-grade urban males. (Author/GD C)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, Induction
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Noble, Clyde E. – American Journal of Psychology, 1975
When H. M. Johnson argued that all inductive reasoning is based on the fallacy of affirming the consequent and cannot therefore establish the 'truth' of scientific hypotheses, he posed a paradox for strict empiricists. Author examined Johnson's argument. (Editor/RK)
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Deduction, Hypothesis Testing, Induction
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Peters, Ellen, Ed.; Dixon, Robert – Teaching Exceptional Children, 1987
Research based suggestions are presented for effective vocabulary instruction strategies, including: learning new labels; learning concepts; and learning to learn meanings. Regardless of the method chosen, it is crucial that students: demonstrate generalization abilities; be given time to learn new material; periodically review what they learn;…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Disabilities, Elementary Education, Learning Strategies
Sternberg, Robert J. – 1978
The unified theory described in this paper characterizes human reasoning as an information processing system with a hierarchical sequence of components and subtheories that account for performance on successively narrower tasks. Both deductive and inductive theories are subsumed in the unified componential theory, including transitive chain theory…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Critical Thinking, Deduction
Miller, Duane I. – 1980
According to Wales and Stager, Guided Design is an instructional strategy built on an eclectic integration of psychological principles and viewpoints, wbich incorporates the learning principles of practice, modeling, organizations, and reinforcements; capitalizes on the motivational principles of affiliation, achievement and self-actualization;…
Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Instructional Innovation
Sternberg, Robert J. – 1978
The componential conception of intelligence is summarized and contrasted with the psychometric conception. A brief history of concepts of intelligence is presented, beginning with Galton's anthropometric approach and Binet's more educationally relevant approach. Spearman's, and later Thurstone's, contributions to factor analysis promoted a…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Deduction, Educational Research, Educational Theories
Partridge, Patrick V. – 1968
This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of textbook and lecture methods of instruction on student achievement during 10 days of an introductory psychology course. The 48 subjects were randomly assigned to four treatment groups. The same examination was given as pretest and as post-test. The test was concerned with recall of factual…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Experiments, Lecture Method, Pretesting
Lall, Bernard M. – 1975
The science of education has been influenced by the basic sciences to the extent that educational research now has been able to modernize its approach by accepting and using the basic scientific methodology and experimental techniques. Using primarily the same steps of scientific investigations, education today holds a place of much greater esteem…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Education, Logic, Natural Sciences
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