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Barkl, Sophie; Porter, Amy; Ginns, Paul – Psychology in the Schools, 2012
Inductive reasoning is a core cognitive process of fluid intelligence, predicting a variety of educational outcomes. The Cognitive Training for Children (CTC) program is an educational intervention designed to develop children's inductive reasoning skills, with previous investigations finding substantial effects of the program on both inductive…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries
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Hayes, Brett K.; Stephens, Rachel G.; Ngo, Jeremy; Dunn, John C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three-experiments examined the number of qualitatively different processing dimensions needed to account for inductive and deductive reasoning. In each study, participants were presented with arguments that varied in logical validity and consistency with background knowledge (believability), and evaluated them according to deductive criteria…
Descriptors: Inferences, Logical Thinking, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Durmusoglu Saltali, Neslihan; Imir, Hatice Merve – Participatory Educational Research, 2018
The aim of this study is to investigate relationship between children's social behaviors and parenting styles. Specifically, the study examines children's aggressive, prosocial and socially inhibited behaviors in association with parenting dimensions namely warmth, inductive-reasoning, obedience-demanding and punitive. In addition to this,…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Preschool Children, Gender Differences, Social Behavior
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Wilcox, Gabrielle; Schroeder, Meadow – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2015
Psychoeducational assessment involves collecting, organizing, and interpreting a large amount of data from various sources. Drawing upon psychological and medical literature, we review two main approaches to clinical reasoning (deductive and inductive) and how they synergistically guide diagnostic decision-making. In addition, we discuss how the…
Descriptors: School Psychology, Psychoeducational Methods, Clinical Diagnosis, Thinking Skills
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Csapó, Beno; Molnár, Gyöngyvér; Nagy, József – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductive…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, School Readiness, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Resing, Wilma C. M.; Touw, Kirsten W. J.; Veerbeek, Jochanan; Elliott, Julian G. – Educational Psychology, 2017
This study investigated potential differences in inductive behavioural and verbal strategy-use between children (aged 6-8 years) from indigenous and non-indigenous backgrounds. This was effected by the use of an electronic device that could present a series of tasks, offer scaffolded assistance and record children's responses. Children from…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Learning Strategies, Verbal Communication, Comparative Analysis
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Sáenz-Ludlow, Adalira; Athanasopoulou, Anna – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2016
The paper focuses on student-teachers' geometric diagrams to mediate the emergence of different proofs for a geometric proposition. For Peirce, a diagram is an icon that explicitly and implicitly represents the deep structural relations among the parts of the object that it stands for. Geometric diagrams can be seen as epistemological tools to…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Abstract Reasoning, Spatial Ability, Mathematical Logic
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Arrona-Palacios, Arturo; Díaz-Morales, Juan F. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Sleep, Intelligence, Academic Achievement
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Heit, Evan; Hayes, Brett K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2011
In an effort to assess the relations between reasoning and memory, in 8 experiments, the authors examined how well responses on an inductive reasoning task are predicted from responses on a recognition memory task for the same picture stimuli. Across several experimental manipulations, such as varying study time, presentation frequency, and the…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Mathematical Models, Recognition (Psychology), Memory
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Choe, Daniel Ewon; Olson, Sheryl L.; Sameroff, Arnold J. – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Children who are physically disciplined are at elevated risk for externalizing problems. Conversely, maternal reasoning and reminding of rules, or inductive discipline, is associated with fewer child externalizing problems. Few studies have simultaneously examined bidirectional associations between these forms of discipline and child adjustment…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Discipline, Violence, At Risk Persons
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Veerbeek, Jochanan; Hessels, Marco G. P.; Vogelaar, Simone; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 2017
Proponents of dynamic testing have advocated its use as a replacement or addition to conventional tests. This research aimed to investigate the effects of using versus not using a pretest on both the outcome on the posttest and the processes used in solving inductive reasoning tasks in dynamic testing using a graduated prompts training.…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Investigations, Problem Solving, Alternative Assessment
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Lovibond, Peter F.; Lee, Jessica C.; Hayes, Brett K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Generalization of learning can arise from 2 distinct sources: failure to discriminate a novel test stimulus from the trained stimulus and active extrapolation from the trained stimulus to the test stimulus despite them being discriminable. We investigated these 2 processes in a predictive learning task by testing stimulus discriminability…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Discrimination Learning, Perception, Generalization
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Touw, Kirsten W. J.; Vogelaar, Bart; Thissen, Floor; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Educational & Child Psychology, 2019
Background: Outcomes of static tests provide an indication of what children have learned in the past, up to the moment of testing, and can therefore underestimate the cognitive abilities of atypically developing children, such as children with language difficulties. In contrast, dynamic tests aim to examine children's potential for learning. The…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Prompting, Language Impairments, Language Skills
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Hayes, Brett K.; Fritz, Kristina; Heit, Evan – Developmental Psychology, 2013
In 2 studies, the authors examined the development of the relationship between inductive reasoning and visual recognition memory. In both studies, 5- to 6-year-old children and adults were shown instances of a basic-level category (dogs) followed by a test set containing old and new category members that varied in their similarity to study items.…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Age Differences, Developmental Continuity, Generalization
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Veerbeek, Jochanan; Vogelaar, Bart; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 2019
Process-oriented dynamic testing aims to investigate the processes children use to solve cognitive tasks, and evaluate changes in these processes as a result of training. For the current study, a dynamic complex figure task was constructed, using the graduated prompts approach, to investigate the processes involved in solving a complex figure task…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Testing, Cognitive Tests, Problem Solving
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