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Showing 1 to 15 of 79 results Save | Export
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Van Vo, De; Csapo, Beno – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2022
The purpose of this study is to explore students' motivation towards science learning at different grade levels and to investigate whether inductive reasoning can contribute to an explanation of science motivation. The study conducted a cross-sectional assessment in six public schools in Vietnam with a total population of 813 students from the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, High School Students, Science Education
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Abel, Roman; Niedling, Luka Maria; Hänze, Martin – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Recent studies on text sequencing found learning advantages of interleaving over blocking in terms of high-level inferences. We conducted a 2 × 2 × 2 mixed factorial experiment with college students (n = 117) by manipulating text sequence (interleaved vs. blocked) and self-questioning activity while reading (spontaneous vs. prompted) between…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Inferences, Reading Processes, Reading Comprehension
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Hayes, Brett K.; Stephens, Rachel G.; Ngo, Jeremy; Dunn, John C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three-experiments examined the number of qualitatively different processing dimensions needed to account for inductive and deductive reasoning. In each study, participants were presented with arguments that varied in logical validity and consistency with background knowledge (believability), and evaluated them according to deductive criteria…
Descriptors: Inferences, Logical Thinking, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Durmusoglu Saltali, Neslihan; Imir, Hatice Merve – Participatory Educational Research, 2018
The aim of this study is to investigate relationship between children's social behaviors and parenting styles. Specifically, the study examines children's aggressive, prosocial and socially inhibited behaviors in association with parenting dimensions namely warmth, inductive-reasoning, obedience-demanding and punitive. In addition to this,…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Preschool Children, Gender Differences, Social Behavior
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Wilcox, Gabrielle; Schroeder, Meadow – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2015
Psychoeducational assessment involves collecting, organizing, and interpreting a large amount of data from various sources. Drawing upon psychological and medical literature, we review two main approaches to clinical reasoning (deductive and inductive) and how they synergistically guide diagnostic decision-making. In addition, we discuss how the…
Descriptors: School Psychology, Psychoeducational Methods, Clinical Diagnosis, Thinking Skills
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Yan, Jinjin; Hou, Yang; Shen, Yishan; Kim, Su Yeong – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2022
The current study investigates how and under what conditions family obligation benefits Mexican American adolescents' adjustment. The study used two waves of data from 604 Mexican American adolescents (54.3% female, Mage.wave1 = 12.41 years, SD = 0.97) and their parents. Structural equation modeling revealed that both adolescents' and parents'…
Descriptors: Family Relationship, Responsibility, Expectation, Child Rearing
Durgungoz, Fatma Canan – Online Submission, 2021
This study aims to explore whether and why speech and language therapists (SLTs) use informal sources to guide their intervention decisions for children with developmental language delay (DLD). A qualitative study was conducted. Sixteen Turkish SLTs participated in this study. The methods of interviewing, participant observation and audio diary…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy, Trust (Psychology), Intervention
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Resing, Wilma C. M.; Touw, Kirsten W. J.; Veerbeek, Jochanan; Elliott, Julian G. – Educational Psychology, 2017
This study investigated potential differences in inductive behavioural and verbal strategy-use between children (aged 6-8 years) from indigenous and non-indigenous backgrounds. This was effected by the use of an electronic device that could present a series of tasks, offer scaffolded assistance and record children's responses. Children from…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Learning Strategies, Verbal Communication, Comparative Analysis
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Golino, Hudson F.; Gomes, Cristiano M. A. – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2016
This paper presents a non-parametric imputation technique, named random forest, from the machine learning field. The random forest procedure has two main tuning parameters: the number of trees grown in the prediction and the number of predictors used. Fifty experimental conditions were created in the imputation procedure, with different…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Regression (Statistics), Difficulty Level, Goodness of Fit
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Arrona-Palacios, Arturo; Díaz-Morales, Juan F. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Sleep, Intelligence, Academic Achievement
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Sáenz-Ludlow, Adalira; Athanasopoulou, Anna – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2016
The paper focuses on student-teachers' geometric diagrams to mediate the emergence of different proofs for a geometric proposition. For Peirce, a diagram is an icon that explicitly and implicitly represents the deep structural relations among the parts of the object that it stands for. Geometric diagrams can be seen as epistemological tools to…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Abstract Reasoning, Spatial Ability, Mathematical Logic
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Barkl, Sophie; Porter, Amy; Ginns, Paul – Psychology in the Schools, 2012
Inductive reasoning is a core cognitive process of fluid intelligence, predicting a variety of educational outcomes. The Cognitive Training for Children (CTC) program is an educational intervention designed to develop children's inductive reasoning skills, with previous investigations finding substantial effects of the program on both inductive…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries
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Csapó, Beno; Molnár, Gyöngyvér; Nagy, József – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductive…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, School Readiness, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Hayes, Brett K.; Fritz, Kristina; Heit, Evan – Developmental Psychology, 2013
In 2 studies, the authors examined the development of the relationship between inductive reasoning and visual recognition memory. In both studies, 5- to 6-year-old children and adults were shown instances of a basic-level category (dogs) followed by a test set containing old and new category members that varied in their similarity to study items.…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Age Differences, Developmental Continuity, Generalization
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Lovibond, Peter F.; Lee, Jessica C.; Hayes, Brett K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Generalization of learning can arise from 2 distinct sources: failure to discriminate a novel test stimulus from the trained stimulus and active extrapolation from the trained stimulus to the test stimulus despite them being discriminable. We investigated these 2 processes in a predictive learning task by testing stimulus discriminability…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Discrimination Learning, Perception, Generalization
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