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Wan Yusoff, Wan Mazwati – Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 2018
This research project attempted to investigate the impact of applying philosophical inquiry method of teaching on classroom engagement and reasoning skills of low achievers. Low achievers are those who have the potential to succeed but lagged behind because of several factors that demotivate them to perform at their highest ability. In this study,…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Philosophy, Thinking Skills, Low Achievement
Ramful, Ajay – Australian Mathematics Teacher, 2015
Making sense of mathematical concepts and solving mathematical problems may demand different forms of reasoning. These could be either domain-based, such as algebraic, geometric or statistical reasoning, while others are more general such as inductive/deductive reasoning. This article aims at giving visibility to a particular form of reasoning…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Resing, Wilma C. M.; Touw, Kirsten W. J.; Veerbeek, Jochanan; Elliott, Julian G. – Educational Psychology, 2017
This study investigated potential differences in inductive behavioural and verbal strategy-use between children (aged 6-8 years) from indigenous and non-indigenous backgrounds. This was effected by the use of an electronic device that could present a series of tasks, offer scaffolded assistance and record children's responses. Children from…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Learning Strategies, Verbal Communication, Comparative Analysis
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Lawson, Chris A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children are remarkably flexible reasoners insofar as they modify their inferences to accommodate the conceptual information or perceptual relations represented in an inductive problem. Children's inductive reasoning is highly sensitive to what evidence is presented to them. Four experiments with 115 preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 4;8) and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, Logical Thinking, Evidence
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Guler, Mustafa; Celik, Derya – Educational Research and Reviews, 2016
In this study, explanations of future mathematics teachers about algebra were analysed according to the levels of understanding used by Kinach (2002). The participants for the study were 101 teacher candidates attending the final semester of a teacher training program. For data collection, a form containing four scenario-type items were…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Algebra, Teacher Education Programs
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Imamoglu, Yesim; Togrol, Aysenur Yontar – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2015
This study was conducted with 93 freshmen and 82 senior prospective mathematicians and mathematics teachers in order to investigate how they construct and evaluate proofs and whether there are any significant differences in their proof construction (with respect to department and grade) and proof evaluation (with respect to department)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, Mathematical Logic, Validity, Preservice Teachers
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Rani, K. V. – Journal on School Educational Technology, 2017
Reasoning ability is the 'problem solving skills' or 'analytical ability' or 'deductive and inductive reasoning'. Academic achievement is the total score one achieved at school, college, or university from class, laboratory, library, or field work. The objectives of the study were to explore the relationship between reasoning ability and academic…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Thinking Skills
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Rhodes, Marjorie; Gelman, Susan A.; Brickman, Daniel – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2008
Determining whether a sample provides a good basis for broader generalizations is a basic challenge of inductive reasoning. Adults apply a diversity-based strategy to this challenge, expecting diverse samples to be a better basis for generalization than homogeneous samples. For example, adults expect that a property shared by two diverse mammals…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Age Differences, Grade 1, Inferences
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Perrot, Alexandra; Gagnon, Christine; Bertsch, Jean – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
A relatively universal observation in aging studies is that cognitive functions inevitably decline across the adult life span. More specifically, executive functions decline substantially with age, as do the frontal and prefrontal brain regions that support them. Indeed, these regions are subject to important neurological modifications with…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Attention Control
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Arendasy, Martin E.; Sommer, Markus – Intelligence, 2012
There is a heated debate on whether observed gender differences in some figural matrices in adults can be attributed to gender differences in inductive reasoning/G[subscript f] or differential item functioning and/or test bias. Based on previous studies we hypothesized that three specific item design features moderate the effect size of the gender…
Descriptors: Test Items, Item Response Theory, Males, Test Bias
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McComas, William F. – American Biology Teacher, 2012
This article discusses a number of aspects of the nature of science that can be illustrated by considering the development of pangenesis, a principle proposed by Charles Darwin to describe the rules of inheritance, explain the source of new variation, and solve other natural history puzzles. Pangenesis--although false--can be used to illustrate…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Heredity, Science History, Evidence
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Stevenson, Claire E.; Bergwerff, Catharina E.; Heiser, Willem J.; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Infant and Child Development, 2014
Working memory and inductive reasoning ability each appear related to children's achievement in math and reading. Dynamic measures of reasoning, based on an assessment procedure including feedback, may provide additional predictive value. The aim of this study was to investigate whether working memory and dynamic measures of analogical…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Dündar, Sefa; Temel, Hasan; Gündüz, Nazan – International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2016
The identification of talented students accurately at an early age and the adaptation of the education provided to the students depending on their abilities are of great importance for the future of the countries. In this regard, this study aims to develop a mathematical ability test for the identification of the mathematical abilities of students…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Mathematics Education, Creative Thinking, Academic Achievement
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Hotulainen, Risto; Mononen, Riikka; Aunio, Pirjo – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2016
This paper reports the results of the improving thinking skills (ITS-1) intervention study on the thinking skills of low-achieving first graders. The intervention programme consists of 12 lessons, each lasting for 45 min. Lessons offer enriched-discovery learning activities and tasks to be solved through inductive reasoning. We used a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Thinking Skills, Intervention, Low Achievement
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Golino, Hudson F.; Gomes, Cristiano M. A. – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2016
This paper presents a non-parametric imputation technique, named random forest, from the machine learning field. The random forest procedure has two main tuning parameters: the number of trees grown in the prediction and the number of predictors used. Fifty experimental conditions were created in the imputation procedure, with different…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Regression (Statistics), Difficulty Level, Goodness of Fit
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