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Showing 16 to 30 of 445 results Save | Export
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Hayes, Brett K.; Fritz, Kristina; Heit, Evan – Developmental Psychology, 2013
In 2 studies, the authors examined the development of the relationship between inductive reasoning and visual recognition memory. In both studies, 5- to 6-year-old children and adults were shown instances of a basic-level category (dogs) followed by a test set containing old and new category members that varied in their similarity to study items.…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Age Differences, Developmental Continuity, Generalization
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Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Brown, Adam O. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2016
Although the practice of giving examples is central to the effective teaching and learning of science, it has been the object of little educational research. The present study attends to this issue by systematically examining the exemplification practices of a university professor and his students' learning experiences during a biology lecture on…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Learning Strategies, Educational Strategies
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Silva, Arlindo; Leite, Marco; Vilas-Boas, João; Simões, Ricardo – European Journal of Engineering Education, 2019
Product design and development (PDD) is a current topic of academic and industrial research. Emphasis on innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as design thinking and creativity has been recently pulled together into the teaching and research on PDD. This paper looks into a multidisciplinary setting made up of three similar but independent PDD…
Descriptors: Design, Engineering Education, Entrepreneurship, Thinking Skills
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Hayes, Brett K.; Stephens, Rachel G.; Ngo, Jeremy; Dunn, John C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three-experiments examined the number of qualitatively different processing dimensions needed to account for inductive and deductive reasoning. In each study, participants were presented with arguments that varied in logical validity and consistency with background knowledge (believability), and evaluated them according to deductive criteria…
Descriptors: Inferences, Logical Thinking, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Canadas, Maria C.; Castro, Encarnacion; Castro, Enrique – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2009
Introduction: We present some aspects of a wider investigation (Canadas, 2007), whose main objective is to describe and characterize inductive reasoning used by Spanish students in years 9 and 10 when they work on problems that involved linear and quadratic sequences. Method: We produced a test composed of six problems with different…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Mathematical Models, Spanish, Foreign Countries
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Conner, AnnaMarie; Singletary, Laura M.; Smith, Ryan C.; Wagner, Patty Anne; Francisco, Richard T. – Mathematical Thinking and Learning: An International Journal, 2014
We combine Peirce's rule, case, and result with Toulmin's data, claim, and warrant to differentiate between deductive, inductive, abductive, and analogical reasoning within collective argumentation. In this theoretical article, we illustrate these kinds of reasoning in episodes of collective argumentation using examples from one…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Persuasive Discourse, Mathematics Education, Grade 9
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Saiz, Carlos; Rivas, Silvia F. – Educational Research Quarterly, 2016
The objective of this research is to ascertain whether new instructional techniques can improve critical thinking. To achieve this goal, two different instruction techniques (ARDESOS--group 1--and DIAPROVE--group 2--) were studied and a pre-post assessment of critical thinking in various dimensions such as argumentation, inductive reasoning,…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, Instructional Innovation, Student Improvement
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Ifenthaler, Dirk; Seel, Norbert M. – Computers & Education, 2013
In this paper, there will be a particular focus on mental models and their application to inductive reasoning within the realm of instruction. A basic assumption of this study is the observation that the construction of mental models and related reasoning is a slowly developing capability of cognitive systems that emerges effectively with proper…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Models
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Arrona-Palacios, Arturo; Díaz-Morales, Juan F. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Sleep, Intelligence, Academic Achievement
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Mononen, Riikka; Aunio, Pirjo – South African Journal of Childhood Education, 2016
Background: It is important to provide early educational support for children having weak mathematical skills, in order to prevent possible later mathematical learning difficulties. Currently, there is a lack of research-based mathematical intervention programmes for teachers to use. Aim: This study investigated the impact of counting skills…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Computation, Low Achievement
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Viles, E. – Teaching Statistics: An International Journal for Teachers, 2008
In this article I present an activity introducing statistical concepts to engineering students to help them develop inductive reasoning and problem-solving skills.
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Engineering, Students, Statistics
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Csapó, Beno; Molnár, Gyöngyvér; Nagy, József – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductive…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, School Readiness, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Heit, Evan; Rotello, Caren M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2010
One of the most important open questions in reasoning research is how inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning are related. In an effort to address this question, we applied methods and concepts from memory research. We used 2 experiments to examine the effects of logical validity and premise-conclusion similarity on evaluation of arguments.…
Descriptors: Validity, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Relationship
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Kinshuk, Taiyu Lin; McNab, Paul – Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 2006
Researchers have regarded inductive reasoning as one of the seven primary mental abilities that account for human intelligent behaviours. Researchers have also shown that inductive reasoning ability is one of the best predictors for academic performance. Modelling of inductive reasoning is therefore an important issue for providing adaptivity in…
Descriptors: Memory, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Virtual Classrooms
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Papadimitriou, Alexandros – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2017
This paper presents an innovative interactive scenario framework called ISLEC for the learning of electrical circuits by high school students or beginners of higher education. This framework aims to develop investigative, critical, creative, and decision-making skills by trainees, as well as aiming to tackle and resolve misunderstandings and…
Descriptors: Equipment, Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Active Learning
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