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Mislevy, Robert J.; And Others – Journal of Educational Measurement, 1993
This paper illustrates how, in the item-response theory framework, collateral information about test items can augment or replace examinee responses when linking or equating new tests to established scales, using data from the Pre-Professional Skills Test for approximately 40,000 examinees. Collateral information can predict item operating…
Descriptors: College Students, Equated Scores, Equations (Mathematics), Higher Education
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Zwick, Rebecca; And Others – Journal of Educational Measurement, 1993
Two extensions of the Mantel Haenszel procedure that may be useful in assessing differential item functioning (DIF) are explored. Simulation results showed that, for both inferential procedures, the studied item should be included in the matching variable, as in the dichotomous case. (SLD)
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Equations (Mathematics)
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Yen, Wendy M. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 1993
Results from the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program for 5,392 elementary school students and from the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (multiple choice) for a national sample are used to explore local item independence (LID) of test items. Some strategies are suggested for measuring LID in performance assessments. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Equations (Mathematics)
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Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Willms, J. Douglas – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 1995
The specification and estimation of school effects, the variability of effects across schools, and the proportion of variation in student outcomes attributable to differences in school context and practice are considered. A statistical model is presented that defines school effects for parents choosing a school and for agencies evaluating school…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Educational Practices, Effective Schools Research, Estimation (Mathematics)
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Zwick, Rebecca – Journal of Educational Statistics, 1992
Some unresolved methodological and philosophical issues in the assessment of performance trends are discussed as they relate to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). How to measure performance change while remaining responsive to advances in curriculum and the technology of assessment is a central dilemma. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Development, Educational Assessment, Educational Technology
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