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Hobbs, Robert Maurice – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Teachers can use culturally relevant pedagogical strategies and technologies as emerging tools to improve students' problem-solving skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate and assess the effectiveness of culturally specific computer-based instructional tasks on ninth-grade African American mathematics students. This study tried to…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, National Competency Tests, Test Construction, Maps
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Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Dyson, Nancy; Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Irwin, Casey – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Math achievement in elementary school is mediated by performance and growth in number sense during kindergarten. The aim of the present study was to test the effectiveness of a targeted small-group number sense intervention for high-risk kindergartners from low-income communities. Children were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups (n = 44 in each…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Intervention, Control Groups, Mathematics Education
Xin, Yan Ping; Jitendra, Asha K.; Deatline-Buchman, Andria – Journal of Special Education, 2005
This study investigated the differential effects of two problem-solving instructional approaches--schema-based instruction (SBI) and general strategy instruction (GSI)--on the mathematical word problem-solving performance of 22 middle school students who had learning disabilities or were at risk for mathematics failure. Results indicated that the…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Learning Problems, Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction
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Jitendra, Asha K.; Star, Jon R.; Starosta, Kristin; Leh, Jayne M.; Sood, Sheetal; Caskie, Grace; Hughes, Cheyenne L.; Mack, Toshi R. – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2009
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an instructional intervention (schema-based instruction, SBI) that was designed to meet the diverse needs of middle school students by addressing the research literatures from both special education and mathematics education. Specifically, SBI emphasizes the role of the mathematical structure of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Intervention, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Montague, Marjorie; Krawec, Jennifer; Enders, Craig; Dietz, Samantha – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
The effects of a mathematical problem-solving intervention on students' problem-solving performance and math achievement were measured in a randomized control trial with 1,059 7th-grade students. The intervention, "Solve It!," is a research-based cognitive strategy instructional intervention that was shown to improve the problem-solving…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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Terwel, Jan; van Oers, Bert; van Dijk, Ivanka; van den Eeden, Pieter – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2009
With regard to transfer, is it better to provide pupils with ready-made representations or is it more effective to scaffold pupils' thinking in the process of generating their own representations with the help of peers and under the guidance of a teacher in a process of guided co-construction? The sample comprises 10 classes and 239 Grade 5…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Mathematics Education, Graphs, Grade 5
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Researchers in both cognitive science and mathematics education emphasize the importance of comparison for learning and transfer. However, surprisingly little is known about the advantages and disadvantages of what types of things are being compared. In this experimental study, 162 seventh- and eighth-grade students learned to solve equations (a)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Educational Psychology, Equations (Mathematics), Knowledge Level
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Hamlett, Carol L.; Finelli, Robin; Courey, Susan J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2004
The purposes of this study were to assess the effects of schema-based instruction (SBI) in promoting mathematical problem solving and to investigate schema induction as a mechanism in the development of mathematical problem solving. Twenty-four 3rd-grade teachers, with 366 students, were assigned randomly to conditions that provided instruction on…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Schemata (Cognition), Teaching Methods
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Hamlett, Carol L.; Owen, Rhoda; Schroeter, Katie – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2003
Assesses the contribution of self-regulated learning strategies (SRL), when combined with problem-solving transfer instruction, on 3rd-graders' mathematical problem solving. SRL incorporated goal setting and self-evaluation. Contrasts the effectiveness of transfer plus SRL to the transfer treatment alone and to teacher-designed instruction. SRL…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Grade 3, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Strategies
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Powell, Sarah R.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Fletcher, Jack M. – Exceptional Children, 2008
This study assessed the effects of preventative tutoring on the math problem solving of third-grade students with math and reading difficulties. Students (n = 35) were assigned randomly to continue in their general education math program or to receive secondary preventative tutoring 3 times per week, 30 min per session, for 12 weeks.…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Problem Solving, Effect Size, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Cardelle-Elawar, Maria – Elementary School Journal, 1990
Describes a study of the effect of teachers' verbal feedback on the ability of bilingual sixth graders to solve mathematical word problems. Treatment was based on Mayer's model of problem solving. Results indicated that theory-based feedback targeted to bilingual students' individual and class needs improved student mathematics performance. (GH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Feedback, Grade 6, Hispanic Americans
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Chen, Chiu-Jung; Liu, Pei-Lin – Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 2007
This study evaluated the effects of a personalized computer-assisted mathematics problem-solving program on the performance and attitude of Taiwanese fourth grade students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the personalized computer-assisted program improved student performance and attitude over the nonpersonalized program.…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Grade 4, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007
Encouraging students to share and compare solution methods is a key component of reform efforts in mathematics, and comparison is emerging as a fundamental learning mechanism. To experimentally evaluate the effects of comparison for mathematics learning, the authors randomly assigned 70 seventh-grade students to learn about algebra equation…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Concept Formation, Mathematical Concepts, Educational Change
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R.; Durkin, Kelley – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Background: A key learning outcome in problem-solving domains is the development of procedural flexibility, where learners know multiple procedures and use them appropriately to solve a range of problems (e.g., Verschaffel, Luwel, Torbeyns, & Van Dooren, 2009). However, students often fail to become flexible problem solvers in mathematics. To…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Grade 8, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Finelli, Robin; Courey, Susan J.; Hamlett, Carol L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2004
Mathematical problem solving is a transfer challenge requiring children to develop schemas for recognizing novel problems as belonging to familiar problem types for which they know solutions. Schema-based transfer instruction (SBTI) explicitly teaches transfer features that change problems in superficial ways to make them appear novel even though…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Control Groups, Problem Solving, Pretests Posttests
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