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Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Dyson, Nancy; Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Irwin, Casey – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Math achievement in elementary school is mediated by performance and growth in number sense during kindergarten. The aim of the present study was to test the effectiveness of a targeted small-group number sense intervention for high-risk kindergartners from low-income communities. Children were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups (n = 44 in each…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Intervention, Control Groups, Mathematics Education
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Montague, Marjorie; Krawec, Jennifer; Enders, Craig; Dietz, Samantha – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
The effects of a mathematical problem-solving intervention on students' problem-solving performance and math achievement were measured in a randomized control trial with 1,059 7th-grade students. The intervention, "Solve It!," is a research-based cognitive strategy instructional intervention that was shown to improve the problem-solving…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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Terwel, Jan; van Oers, Bert; van Dijk, Ivanka; van den Eeden, Pieter – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2009
With regard to transfer, is it better to provide pupils with ready-made representations or is it more effective to scaffold pupils' thinking in the process of generating their own representations with the help of peers and under the guidance of a teacher in a process of guided co-construction? The sample comprises 10 classes and 239 Grade 5…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Mathematics Education, Graphs, Grade 5
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Koedinger, Kenneth – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Background: Knowledge of concepts and procedures seems to develop in an iterative fashion, with increases in one type of knowledge leading to increases in the other type of knowledge. This suggests that iterating between lessons on concepts and procedures may improve learning. Aims: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematical Applications, Arithmetic
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Zucker, Andrew A.; Tinker, Robert; Staudt, Carolyn; Mansfield, Amie; Metcalf, Shari – Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2008
The Technology Enhanced Elementary and Middle School Science II project (TEEMSS), funded by the National Science Foundation, produced 15 inquiry-based instructional science units for teaching in grades 3-8. Each unit uses computers and probeware to support students' investigations of real-world phenomena using probes (e.g., for temperature or…
Descriptors: Mathematical Models, Effect Size, Virtual Classrooms, Grade 7
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Chen, Chiu-Jung; Liu, Pei-Lin – Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 2007
This study evaluated the effects of a personalized computer-assisted mathematics problem-solving program on the performance and attitude of Taiwanese fourth grade students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the personalized computer-assisted program improved student performance and attitude over the nonpersonalized program.…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Grade 4, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries
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Woodward, John – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2006
Automaticity in math facts has been of considerable interest to special educators for decades. A review of the intervention literature suggests at least two common approaches to developing automaticity in facts. One is grounded in the use of strategies for teaching facts, the other emphasizes the use of timed practice drills. Recent research…
Descriptors: Special Education, Multiplication, Drills (Practice), Mathematical Concepts
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Finelli, Robin; Courey, Susan J.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Sones, Estelle M.; Hope, Susan K. – Elementary School Journal, 2006
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of schema-broadening instruction (SBI), with and without explicit instruction in strategies for tackling the complexities involved in real-life (RL) math problems, on the math problem solving of third-grade students. Teachers (n = 30) were assigned randomly to 3 16-week conditions: control, SBI,…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Effect Size, Problem Solving, Mathematics
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Snyder, Frank; Flay, Brian; Vuchinich, Samuel; Acock, Alan; Washburn, Isaac; Beets, Michael; Li, Kin-Kit – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
This article reports the effects of a comprehensive elementary school-based social-emotional and character education program on school-level achievement, absenteeism, and disciplinary outcomes utilizing a matched-pair, cluster-randomized, controlled design. The "Positive Action" Hawai'i trial included 20 racially/ethnically diverse…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Intervention, Academic Achievement, Effect Size
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Bavarian, Niloofar; Lewis, Kendra M.; DuBois, David L.; Acock, Alan; Vuchinich, Samuel; Silverthorn, Naida; Snyder, Frank J.; Day, Joseph; Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R. – Journal of School Health, 2013
Background: School-based social-emotional and character development (SECD) programs can influence not only SECD but also academic-related outcomes. This study evaluated the impact of one SECD program, Positive Action (PA), on educational outcomes among low-income, urban youth. Methods: The longitudinal study used a matched-pair, cluster-randomized…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Values Education, Low Income Groups, Urban Youth
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Jacobs, Victoria R.; Franke, Megan Loef; Carpenter, Thomas P.; Levi, Linda; Battey, Dan – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2007
A yearlong experimental study showed positive effects of a professional development project that involved 19 urban elementary schools, 180 teachers, and 3735 students from one of the lowest performing school districts in California. Algebraic reasoning as generalized arithmetic and the study of relations was used as the centerpiece for work with…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Algebra, Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills
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Star, Jon R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2009
Comparing and contrasting examples is a core cognitive process that supports learning in children and adults across a variety of topics. In this experimental study, we evaluated the benefits of supporting comparison in a classroom context for children learning about computational estimation. Fifth- and sixth-grade students (N = 157) learned about…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Craddock, Caitlin; Hollenbeck, Kurstin N.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
This study assessed the effects of small-group tutoring with and without validated classroom instruction on at-risk students' math problem solving. Stratifying within schools, 119 3rd-grade classes were randomly assigned to conventional or validated problem-solving instruction (Hot Math, schema-broadening instruction). Students identified as at…
Descriptors: Intervention, High Risk Students, Problem Solving, Effect Size