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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Researchers in both cognitive science and mathematics education emphasize the importance of comparison for learning and transfer. However, surprisingly little is known about the advantages and disadvantages of what types of things are being compared. In this experimental study, 162 seventh- and eighth-grade students learned to solve equations (a)…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Educational Psychology, Equations (Mathematics), Knowledge Level
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R.; Durkin, Kelley – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Background: A key learning outcome in problem-solving domains is the development of procedural flexibility, where learners know multiple procedures and use them appropriately to solve a range of problems (e.g., Verschaffel, Luwel, Torbeyns, & Van Dooren, 2009). However, students often fail to become flexible problem solvers in mathematics. To…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Grade 8, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education
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Carpenter, Thomas P.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1989
Twenty first-grade teachers' use of knowledge from research about mathematical thinking of children was compared with that of 20 teachers who did not participate in an analysis of research. Implications for teacher education and practice are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R.; Durkin, Kelley – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Comparing multiple examples typically supports learning and transfer in laboratory studies and is considered a key feature of high-quality mathematics instruction. This experimental study investigated the importance of prior knowledge in learning from comparison. Seventh- and 8th-grade students (N = 236) learned to solve equations by comparing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Education, Methods, Prior Learning
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1991
The effects of on-going curriculum-based measurement of student growth and expert system instructional consultation on teacher planning and student achievement in mathematics operations were studied for 33 elementary teachers assigned to one control or 2 experimental groups. Each teacher worked with two learning disabled or emotionally disturbed…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Consultation Programs, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students