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Shin, Mikyung; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015

The purpose of this study was to synthesize the findings from 23 articles that compared the mathematical and cognitive performances of students with mathematics learning disabilities (LD) to (a) students with LD in mathematics and reading, (b) age- or grade-matched students with no LD, and (c) mathematical-ability-matched younger students with no…

Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Mathematics Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Learning Disabilities

Krawec, Jennifer; Huang, Jia – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017

The purpose of the present study was to test the efficacy of a modified cognitive strategy instructional intervention originally developed to improve the mathematical problem solving of middle and high school students with learning disabilities (LD). Fifth and sixth grade general education mathematics teachers and their students of varying ability…

Descriptors: Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Intervention, Grade 5

Zhang, Yiyun; Zhou, Xinlin – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016

Mathematical learning difficulty (MLD) is prevalent in the development of mathematical abilities. Previous interventions for children with MLD have focused on number sense or basic mathematical skills. This study investigated whether mathematical performance of fifth grade children with MLD could be improved by developing knowledge structures by…

Descriptors: Learning Problems, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Intervention

Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Star, Jon R.; Rodriguez, Michael C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016

This study examined the effect of schema-based instruction (SBI) on the proportional problem-solving performance of students with mathematics difficulties only (MD) and students with mathematics and reading difficulties (MDRD). Specifically, we examined the responsiveness of 260 seventh grade students identified as MD or MDRD to a 6-week treatment…

Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Teaching Methods, Problem Solving, Mathematical Logic

Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Elias, John T.; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015

The purpose of this study was to compare subgroups of students with various forms of learning difficulties (< 25th percentile) on cognitive and mathematics characteristics. Students with mathematics difficulty (MD, n = 105), reading difficulty (RD, n = 65), both (MDRD, n = 87), or neither (NoLD, n = 403) were evaluated on an array of cognitive…

Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Student Characteristics, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills

Burny, Elise; Valcke, Martin; Desoete, Annemie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012

Recent studies have shown that children with mathematics difficulties (MD) have weaknesses in multiple areas of mathematics. Andersson, for example, recently found that children with MD perform significantly worse than other children on clock reading tasks. The present study builds on this recent finding and aims at a more profound understanding…

Descriptors: Memory, Reading Ability, Mathematical Aptitude, Mathematics Achievement

Ostad, Snorre A. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013

The majority of recent studies conclude that children's private speech development (private speech internalization) is related to and important for mathematical development and disabilities. It is far from clear, however, whether private speech internalization itself plays any causal role in the development of mathematical competence. The main…

Descriptors: Inner Speech (Subvocal), Phonological Awareness, Mathematics Achievement, Identification

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013

Elementary school children with reading disabilities (RD; "n" = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD; "n" = 22), or combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD+MD; "n" = 28) were compared to average achieving (AA; "n" = 45) peers on working memory measures. On all working memory components, 2 (RD vs. no…

Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Short Term Memory, Reading Difficulties, Mathematics Skills

Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K.; Julian, Tyler E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015

Students often misinterpret the equal sign (=) as operational instead of relational. Research indicates misinterpretation of the equal sign occurs because students receive relatively little exposure to equations that promote relational understanding of the equal sign. No study, however, has examined effects of nonstandard equations on the equation…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Tutoring, Equations (Mathematics), Mathematical Concepts

MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014

This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement

Martin, Rebecca B.; Cirino, Paul T.; Barnes, Marcia A.; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Stuebing, Karla K.; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013

The present study evaluated the stability of math learning difficulties over a 2-year period and investigated several factors that might influence this stability (categorical vs. continuous change, liberal vs. conservative cut point, broad vs. specific math assessment); the prediction of math performance over time and by performance level was also…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Learning Problems, Longitudinal Studies

Mabbott, Donald J.; Bisanz, Jeffrey – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008

Knowledge and skill in multiplication were investigated for late elementary-grade students with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD), typically achieving age-matched peers, low-achieving age-matched peers, and ability-matched peers by examining multiple measures of computational skill, working memory, and conceptual knowledge. Poor…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments, Memory

Rousselle, Laurence; Noel, Marie-Pascale – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008

The adaptive use of approximate calculation was examined using a verification task with 18 third graders with mathematics learning disabilities, 22 typically achieving third graders, and 21 typically achieving second graders. Participants were asked to make true-false decisions on simple and complex addition problems while the distance between the…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Learning Disabilities, Mental Computation, Grade 3

Murphy, Melissa M.; Mazzocco, Michele M. M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008

The present study focuses on math and related skills among 32 girls with fragile X (n = 14) or Turner (n = 18) syndrome during late elementary school. Performance in each syndrome group was assessed relative to Full Scale IQ-matched comparison groups of girls from the general population (n = 32 and n = 89 for fragile X syndrome and Turner…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Females, Learning Disabilities, Congenital Impairments

Malone, Amelia S.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017

The three purposes of this study were to (a) describe fraction ordering errors among at-risk fourth grade students, (b) assess the effect of part-whole understanding and accuracy of fraction magnitude estimation on the probability of committing errors, and (c) examine the effect of students' ability to explain comparing problems on the probability…

Descriptors: Error Patterns, Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, At Risk Students