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Jeppsson, Fredrik; Haglund, Jesper; Amin, Tamer G. – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Many studies have previously focused on how people with different levels of expertise solve physics problems. In early work, focus was on characterising differences between experts and novices and a key finding was the central role that propositionally expressed principles and laws play in expert, but not novice, problem-solving. A more recent…
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Physics, Science Education, Problem Solving
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Buschhüter, David; Spoden, Christian; Borowski, Andreas – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Over the last decades, the percentage of the age group choosing to pursue university studies has increased significantly across the world. At the same time, there are university teachers who believe that the standards have fallen. There is little research on whether students nowadays demonstrate knowledge or abilities similar to that of the…
Descriptors: Physics, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Level, Comparative Analysis
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Titrek, Osman; Cobern, William W. – International Journal of Science Education, 2011
The process of modernization began in Turkey under the reform government of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938). Turkey officially became a secular nation seeking to develop a modern economy with modern science and technology and political democracy. Turkey also has long been, and remains, a deeply religious society. Specifically, the practice of…
Descriptors: Democracy, Social Change, Foreign Countries, Sciences
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Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; Aponte, Abdiel; Manassero-Mas, María-Antonia; Montesano, Marisa – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This study examines the effectiveness of a teaching-learning sequence (TLS) to improve the understanding of the influences and interactions between a technology (mining) and society. The aim of the study is also to show the possibility of both teaching and assessing the most innovative issues and aspects of scientific competence and their impact…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Pretests Posttests, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Byrne, Jenny; Ideland, Malin; Malmberg, Claes; Grace, Marcus – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
There are only a few studies about how primary school students engage in socio-scientific discussions. This study aims to add to this field of research by focusing on how 9-10-year-olds in Sweden and England handle climate change as a complex environmental socio-scientific issue (SSI), within the context of their own lives and in relation to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Climate, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science
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Ostermeier, Christian; Prenzel, Manfred; Duit, Reinders – International Journal of Science Education, 2010
This article presents an example of teacher professional development based on a perspective of situated learning and implemented on a large scale. We consider teacher professional development from three perspectives. First, teacher professional development is a key factor in improving classroom instruction. Second, teacher professional development…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Measures (Individuals), Educational Change, Faculty Development
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Wan, Zhi Hong; Lee, John Chi Kin – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
This study explored two under-researched areas on students' attitudes towards science, that is, the structural models representing these attitudes and the role played by school bands in moderating the gender differences in such attitudes. The participants were 360 ninth graders in Hong Kong from 3 school bands. The structural equation modelling…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes
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Overman, Michelle; Vermunt, Jan D.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Bulte, Astrid M. W.; Brekelmans, Mieke – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Context-based curriculum reforms in chemistry education are thought to bring greater diversity to the ways in which chemistry teachers organize their teaching. First and foremost, students are expected to perceive this diversity. However, empirical research on how students perceive their teacher's teaching in context-based chemistry classrooms,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Chemistry, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction
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Forbes, Cory; Lange, Kim; Möller, Kornelia; Biggers, Mandy; Laux, Mira; Zangori, Laura – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
To help explain the differences in students' performance on internationally administered science assessments, cross-national, video-based observational studies have been advocated, but none have yet been conducted at the elementary level for science. The USA and Germany are two countries with large formal education systems whose students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Video Technology, Elementary School Science
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Howe, Christine; Ilie, Sonia; Guardia, Paula; Hofmann, Riikka; Mercer, Neil; Riga, Fran – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
In response to continuing concerns about student attainment and participation in science and mathematics, the "epiSTEMe" project took a novel approach to pedagogy in these two disciplines. Using principles identified as effective in the research literature (and combining these in a fashion not previously attempted), the project developed…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, STEM Education, Scientific Concepts
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Hillman, Susan J.; Bloodsworth, Kylie H.; Tilburg, Charles E.; Zeeman, Stephan I.; List, Henrietta E. – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This study was launched from a National Science Foundation GK-12 grant in which graduate fellows in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) are placed in classrooms to engage K-12 students in STEM activities. The investigation explored whether the STEM Fellows' presence impacted the K-12 students' stereotypical image of a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Graduate Students
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Bennett, Judith; Lubben, Fred; Hogarth, Sylvia; Campbell, Bob – International Journal of Science Education, 2005
This paper explores the role of systematic reviews of research literature and considers what they have to offer research in science education. The origins of systematic reviews are described, together with the reasons why they are currently attracting considerable attention in the research literature. An overview is presented of the key features…
Descriptors: Research Reports, Teaching Methods, Science Education, Literature Reviews
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Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary Colette; Venville, Grady Jane – International Journal of Science Education, 2012
Children have formal science instruction from kindergarten in Australia and from Year 3 in China. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact that different approaches to primary science curricula in China and Australia have on children's conceptual understanding of science. Participants were Year 3 children from three schools of high,…
Descriptors: Tests, Biological Sciences, Foreign Countries, Earth Science
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Lambert, Julie – International Journal of Science Education, 2006
This descriptive study provides a comparison of existing high school marine science curricula and instructional practices used by nine teachers across seven schools districts in Florida and their students' level of scientific literacy, as defined by the national science standards and benchmarks. To measure understandings of science concepts and…
Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Scientific Literacy, Integrated Curriculum, Marine Education
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Spall, Katie; Stanisstreet, Martin; Dickson, Dominic; Boyes, Edward – International Journal of Science Education, 2004
Studies exploring school students' views about science have not always distinguished between different branches of science. Here, the views of 1395 secondary school students aged 11-16 about physics and, as a science comparator, biology were determined using a closed-form questionnaire. Over the period of secondary schooling a decreasing…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Physics, Biology, Factor Analysis
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