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Durkin, Kelley; Star, Jon R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2017
Comparison is a fundamental cognitive process that can support learning in a variety of domains, including mathematics. The current paper aims to summarize empirical findings that support recommendations on using comparison of multiple strategies in mathematics classrooms. We report the results of our classroom-based research on using comparison…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Problem Solving
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Star, Jon R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Durkin, Kelley; Newton, Kristie; Pollack, Courtney; Lynch, Kathleen; Gogolen, Claire – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Comparison is a powerful tool that has been shown to improve learning in a variety of domains. In both laboratory studies and small-scale classroom studies, having learners compare and contrast worked examples has been shown to reliably lead to gains in students' knowledge. Comparison is also integral to "best practices" in mathematics…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Algebra, Mathematics Education, Intervention
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R.; Durkin, Kelley – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Background: A key learning outcome in problem-solving domains is the development of procedural flexibility, where learners know multiple procedures and use them appropriately to solve a range of problems (e.g., Verschaffel, Luwel, Torbeyns, & Van Dooren, 2009). However, students often fail to become flexible problem solvers in mathematics. To…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Grade 8, Teaching Methods, Outcomes of Education
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Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Star, Jon R.; Durkin, Kelley – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Comparing multiple examples typically supports learning and transfer in laboratory studies and is considered a key feature of high-quality mathematics instruction. This experimental study investigated the importance of prior knowledge in learning from comparison. Seventh- and 8th-grade students (N = 236) learned to solve equations by comparing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Education, Methods, Prior Learning
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Durkin, Kelley; Shafto, Patrick – Child Development, 2016
The epistemic trust literature emphasizes that children's evaluations of informants' trustworthiness affects learning, but there is no evidence that epistemic trust affects learning in academic domains. The current study investigated how reliability affects decimal learning. Fourth and fifth graders (N = 122; M[subscript age] = 10.1 years)…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Trust (Psychology), Child Development, Reliability