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Aunio, Pirjo; Heiskari, Pekka; Van Luit, Johannes E. H.; Vuorio, Jari-Matti – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2015
In this study, we investigated how early numeracy skills develop in kindergarten-age children. The participants were 235 Finnish children (111 girls and 124 boys). At the time of the first measurement, the average age of the children was 6 years. The measurements were conducted three times during 1 year of kindergarten. We used a between-group…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Numeracy, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Hotulainen, Risto; Mononen, Riikka; Aunio, Pirjo – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2016
This paper reports the results of the improving thinking skills (ITS-1) intervention study on the thinking skills of low-achieving first graders. The intervention programme consists of 12 lessons, each lasting for 45┬ámin. Lessons offer enriched-discovery learning activities and tasks to be solved through inductive reasoning. We used a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Thinking Skills, Intervention, Low Achievement
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Ee, Jessie; Wong, Khoon Yoong; Aunio, Pirjo – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2006
Young children's number sense is essential for the acquisition of higher number skills in later years. Most recent studies focus on children over 6 years of age only. To extend the scope, this study dealt with the performance of children aged 4-7 years in 3 cities: Singapore, Beijing and Helsinki (This study is an extension of the research of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Numeracy, Gender Differences
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Aunio, Pirjo; Ee, Jessie; Lim, Swee Eng Audrey; Hautamaki, Jarkko; Van Luit, Johannes E. H. – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2004
This study examines young children's number sense in subjects from Finland (n =254), Hong Kong (n =246), and Singapore (n =130). Chinese, English and Finnish versions of the Early Numeracy Test (ENT; Van Luit et al., 1994) were used. Two highly correlated aspects of number sense were measured, one reflecting children's abilities to organize and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Number Concepts, Numeracy