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Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Elias, John T.; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015

The purpose of this study was to compare subgroups of students with various forms of learning difficulties (< 25th percentile) on cognitive and mathematics characteristics. Students with mathematics difficulty (MD, n = 105), reading difficulty (RD, n = 65), both (MDRD, n = 87), or neither (NoLD, n = 403) were evaluated on an array of cognitive…

Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Student Characteristics, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Marrin, Sarah; Hamlett, Carol L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Changas, Paul C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014

The focus of this study was connections among 3 aspects of mathematical cognition at 2nd grade: calculations, word problems, and prealgebraic knowledge. We extended the literature, which is dominated by correlational work, by examining whether intervention conducted on calculations or word problems contributes to improved performance in the other…

Descriptors: Computation, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods

What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

The study examined the effects of "Fraction Challenge," a supplemental small-group tutoring math program that focuses on improving student understanding of fractions. Study authors randomly assigned fourth grade "at-risk" students in 53 classrooms in 13 schools to either an intervention group that received "Fraction…

Descriptors: Tutoring, Instructional Effectiveness, Small Group Instruction, Mathematics Instruction

Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K.; Julian, Tyler E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015

Students often misinterpret the equal sign (=) as operational instead of relational. Research indicates misinterpretation of the equal sign occurs because students receive relatively little exposure to equations that promote relational understanding of the equal sign. No study, however, has examined effects of nonstandard equations on the equation…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Tutoring, Equations (Mathematics), Mathematical Concepts

Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2015

The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 7 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…

Descriptors: Predictor Variables, At Risk Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Students

Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010

Elementary school students often misinterpret the equal sign (=) as an operational rather than a relational symbol. Such misunderstanding is problematic because solving equations with missing numbers may be important for the development of higher order mathematics skills, including solving word problems. Research indicates equal-sign instruction…

Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Skills, Equations (Mathematics)

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Schatschneider, Christopher; Hamlett, Carol L.; DeSelms, Jacqueline; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Wilson, Julie; Craddock, Caitlin F.; Bryant, Joan D.; Luther, Kurstin; Changas, Paul – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 1st-grade number knowledge tutoring with contrasting forms of practice. Tutoring occurred 3 times per week for 16 weeks. In each 30-min session, the major emphasis (25 min) was number knowledge; the other 5 min provided practice in 1 of 2 forms. Nonspeeded practice reinforced relations…

Descriptors: At Risk Students, Tutoring, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction

Martin, Rebecca B.; Cirino, Paul T.; Barnes, Marcia A.; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Stuebing, Karla K.; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013

The present study evaluated the stability of math learning difficulties over a 2-year period and investigated several factors that might influence this stability (categorical vs. continuous change, liberal vs. conservative cut point, broad vs. specific math assessment); the prediction of math performance over time and by performance level was also…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Learning Problems, Longitudinal Studies

Malone, Amelia S.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017

The three purposes of this study were to (a) describe fraction ordering errors among at-risk fourth grade students, (b) assess the effect of part-whole understanding and accuracy of fraction magnitude estimation on the probability of committing errors, and (c) examine the effect of students' ability to explain comparing problems on the probability…

Descriptors: Error Patterns, Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, At Risk Students