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Srnec, Matthew N.; Upadhyay, Shiv; Madura, Jeffrey D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

In this technology report, a tool is provided for teaching reciprocal space to undergraduates in physical chemistry and materials science courses. Reciprocal space plays a vital role in understanding a material's electronic structure and physical properties. Here, we provide an example based on previous work in the "Journal of Chemical…

Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Chemistry, Computer Assisted Instruction

Seethaler, Sherry; Czworkowski, John; Wynn, Lynda – Journal of Chemical Education, 2018

Change over time is a crosscutting theme in the sciences that is pivotal to reaction kinetics, an anchoring concept in undergraduate chemistry, and students' struggles with rates of change are well-documented. Informed by the education scholarship in chemistry, physics, and mathematics, a research team with members from complementary disciplinary…

Descriptors: Chemistry, College Freshmen, Science Education, Textbook Content

Koopman, Lodewijk; Brouwer, Natasa; Heck, Andre; Buma, Wybren Jan – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

Proper mathematical skills are important for every science course and mathematics-intensive chemistry courses rely on a sound mathematical pre-knowledge. In the first-year quantum chemistry course at this university, it was noticed that many students lack basic mathematical knowledge. To tackle the mathematics problem, a remedial mathematics…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Physics, Science Education, Mathematics Instruction

Miller, Tierney C.; Richardson, John N.; Kegerreis, Jeb S. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

This manuscript presents an exercise that utilizes mathematical software to explore Fourier transforms in the context of model quantum mechanical systems, thus providing a deeper mathematical understanding of relevant information often introduced and treated as a "black-box" in analytical chemistry courses. The exercise is given to…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Mathematics, Computer Software, Educational Technology

Thomas, Ashleigh L. P. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017

This paper presents gradual implementation of active learning approaches in an organic chemistry classroom based on student feedback and strategies for getting students on-board with this new approach. Active learning techniques discussed include videos, online quizzes, reading assignments, and classroom activities. Preliminary findings indicate a…

Descriptors: Active Learning, Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, College Science

Perez-Benito, Joaquin F. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017

The elementary reaction sequence A ? I ? Products is the simplest mechanism for which the steady-state and quasi-equilibrium kinetic approximations can be applied. The exact integrated solutions for this chemical system allow inferring the conditions that must fulfill the rate constants for the different approximations to hold. A graphical…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Kinetics, Scientific Concepts, Graduate Study

Srnec, Matthew N.; Upadhyay, Shiv; Madura, Jeffry D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017

In undergraduate physical chemistry, Schrödinger's equation is solved for a variety of cases. In doing so, the energies and wave functions of the system can be interpreted to provide connections with the physical system being studied. Solving this equation by hand for a one-dimensional system is a manageable task, but it becomes time-consuming…

Descriptors: Undergraduate Study, College Science, Chemistry, Science Instruction

Ge, Yingbin – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

Hands-on exercises are designed for undergraduate physical chemistry students to derive two-dimensional quantum chemistry from scratch for the H atom and H[subscript 2] molecule, both in the ground state and excited states. By reducing the mathematical complexity of the traditional quantum chemistry teaching, these exercises can be completed…

Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Hands on Science

Manae, Meghna A.; Hazra, Anirban – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

In a course on chemical applications of symmetry and group theory, students learn to use several useful tools (like character tables, projection operators, and correlation tables), but in the process of learning the mathematical details, they often miss the conceptual big picture about "why" and "how" symmetry leads to the…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Concept Teaching, Scientific Concepts, Models

Rittenhouse, Robert C. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2015

The "atoms first" philosophy, adopted by a growing number of General Chemistry textbook authors, places greater emphasis on atomic structure as a key to a deeper understanding of the field of chemistry. A pivotal concept needed to understand the behavior of atoms is the restriction of an atom's energy to specific allowed values. However,…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Undergraduate Study, College Science

Hladky, Paul W. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2011

College students encounter a variety of first-order phenomena in their mathematics and science courses. Introductory chemistry textbooks that discuss first-order processes, usually in conjunction with chemical kinetics or radioactive decay, stop at single, discrete dose events. Although single-dose situations are important, multiple-dose events,…

Descriptors: Textbooks, Kinetics, Chemistry, Radiation

Bruce, Chrystal D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2013

The initial interaction among student, instructor, and content on the first day of class is critical in setting the stage for the remainder of the semester. While many students would like to ease into the semester, experienced faculty realize that the first day of class provides a one-time opportunity to shape the students' first impression…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, College Science, Mathematical Models

Contreras-Ortega, C.; Bustamante, N.; Guevara, J. L.; Portillo, C.; Kesternich, V. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2007

A general mathematical treatment for chemical systems is described that might help students to better understand the real scope of the mathematical equations. The extent to which an equation acceptably describes a chemical system is determined from the limiting values of practical chemical variables and the concordance value defined by given…

Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Chemistry, Science Instruction, College Science

Rushton, Gregory T.; Criswell, Brett A.; McAllister, Nicole D.; Polizzi, Samuel J.; Moore, Lamesha A.; Pierre, Michelle S. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2014

Reaction kinetics is an axiomatic topic in chemistry that is often addressed as early as the high school course and serves as the foundation for more sophisticated conversations in college-level organic, physical, and biological chemistry courses. Despite the fundamental nature of reaction kinetics, students can struggle with transforming their…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, College Science, Kinetics

Desjardins, Steven G. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

In this paper we describe an interdisciplinary course on dynamics that is appropriate for nonscience majors. This course introduces ideas about mathematical modeling using examples based on pendulums, chemical kinetics, and population dynamics. The unique emphasis for a nonmajors course is on chemical reactions as dynamical systems that do more…

Descriptors: Majors (Students), Kinetics, Chemistry, Spreadsheets