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Kurushkin, Mikhail; Kurushkin, Dmitry – Journal of Chemical Education, 2018

A novel educational chart that represents the acid--base behavior of 100 s-, p-, d-, and f-element oxides depending on the element's electronegativity and oxidation state was designed. An updated periodic table of said oxides was developed. A mathematical criterion based on the chart was derived which allows prediction of the behavior of…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, High Schools, Chemistry

Srnec, Matthew N.; Upadhyay, Shiv; Madura, Jeffrey D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

In this technology report, a tool is provided for teaching reciprocal space to undergraduates in physical chemistry and materials science courses. Reciprocal space plays a vital role in understanding a material's electronic structure and physical properties. Here, we provide an example based on previous work in the "Journal of Chemical…

Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Chemistry, Computer Assisted Instruction

Koopman, Lodewijk; Brouwer, Natasa; Heck, Andre; Buma, Wybren Jan – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

Proper mathematical skills are important for every science course and mathematics-intensive chemistry courses rely on a sound mathematical pre-knowledge. In the first-year quantum chemistry course at this university, it was noticed that many students lack basic mathematical knowledge. To tackle the mathematics problem, a remedial mathematics…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Physics, Science Education, Mathematics Instruction

Ogilvie, J. F.; Monagan, M. B. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2007

The teaching of mathematics courses to chemistry students that is strongly based on symbolic computation and allows an instructor to explore a topic or principle is reviewed. The mathematical software available, nominally for symbolic computation associated with numerical and graphical capabilities are highly developed and provides an invaluable…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Mathematics Instruction, Computation, Computer Software

Miller, Tierney C.; Richardson, John N.; Kegerreis, Jeb S. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

This manuscript presents an exercise that utilizes mathematical software to explore Fourier transforms in the context of model quantum mechanical systems, thus providing a deeper mathematical understanding of relevant information often introduced and treated as a "black-box" in analytical chemistry courses. The exercise is given to…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Mathematics, Computer Software, Educational Technology

Peer reviewed

Journal of Chemical Education, 2004

The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Education Digital Library (NSDL), inaugurated in December 2002, is developed to promote science education on a comprehensive scale. The Journal of Chemical, Education (JCE) Digital Library, incorporated into NSDL, contains its own collections of digital resources for chemistry…

Descriptors: Electronic Libraries, Mathematics Education, Chemistry, Science Education

Pogliani, Lionello – Journal of Chemical Education, 2006

The existing vector formalism method for thermodynamic relationship maintains tractability and uses accessible mathematics, which can be seen as a diverting and entertaining step into the mathematical formalism of thermodynamics and as an elementary application of matrix algebra. The method is based on ideas and operations apt to improve the…

Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Matrices, Algebra, Geometric Concepts

Perez-Benito, Joaquin F. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017

The elementary reaction sequence A ? I ? Products is the simplest mechanism for which the steady-state and quasi-equilibrium kinetic approximations can be applied. The exact integrated solutions for this chemical system allow inferring the conditions that must fulfill the rate constants for the different approximations to hold. A graphical…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Kinetics, Scientific Concepts, Graduate Study

Srnec, Matthew N.; Upadhyay, Shiv; Madura, Jeffry D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017

In undergraduate physical chemistry, Schrödinger's equation is solved for a variety of cases. In doing so, the energies and wave functions of the system can be interpreted to provide connections with the physical system being studied. Solving this equation by hand for a one-dimensional system is a manageable task, but it becomes time-consuming…

Descriptors: Undergraduate Study, College Science, Chemistry, Science Instruction

Visualizing, Rather than Deriving, Russell-Saunders Terms: A Classroom Activity with Quantum Numbers

Coppo, Paolo – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

A 1 h classroom activity is presented, aimed at consolidating the concepts of microstates and Russell-Saunders energy terms in transition metal atoms and coordination complexes. The unconventional approach, based on logic and intuition rather than rigorous mathematics, is designed to stimulate discussion and enhance familiarity with quantum…

Descriptors: Quantum Mechanics, Numbers, Class Activities, Concept Teaching

Ge, Yingbin – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

Hands-on exercises are designed for undergraduate physical chemistry students to derive two-dimensional quantum chemistry from scratch for the H atom and H[subscript 2] molecule, both in the ground state and excited states. By reducing the mathematical complexity of the traditional quantum chemistry teaching, these exercises can be completed…

Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Hands on Science

Manae, Meghna A.; Hazra, Anirban – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

In a course on chemical applications of symmetry and group theory, students learn to use several useful tools (like character tables, projection operators, and correlation tables), but in the process of learning the mathematical details, they often miss the conceptual big picture about "why" and "how" symmetry leads to the…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Concept Teaching, Scientific Concepts, Models

Dick-Perez, Marilu; Luxford, Cynthia J.; Windus, Theresa L.; Holme, Thomas – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016

A 14-item, multiple-choice diagnostic assessment tool, the quantum chemistry concept inventory or QCCI, is presented. Items were developed based on published student misconceptions and content coverage and then piloted and used in advanced physical chemistry undergraduate courses. In addition to the instrument itself, data from both a pretest,…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Multiple Choice Tests, Undergraduate Students

Schaller, Chris P.; Graham, Kate J.; McIntee, Edward J.; Peterson, Alicia A.; Strollo, Christen M.; Jakubowski, Henry V.; Fazal, M. A.; Johnson, Brian J.; Jones, T. Nicholas; Raigoza, Annette M. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2018

A novel laboratory curriculum is presented, developed around some common tasks of a laboratory researcher in chemistry: purification, synthesis, and measurement. The capstone of the sequence is an integrated laboratory, leading to a more independent research experience. Students who have completed this laboratory curriculum appear to perform…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Science Curriculum

Rittenhouse, Robert C. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2015

The "atoms first" philosophy, adopted by a growing number of General Chemistry textbook authors, places greater emphasis on atomic structure as a key to a deeper understanding of the field of chemistry. A pivotal concept needed to understand the behavior of atoms is the restriction of an atom's energy to specific allowed values. However,…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Undergraduate Study, College Science