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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Ivanova, Alina – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2015
In this paper, we develop a multi-level comparative approach to analyse Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey (TIMSS) and Programme of International Student Achievement (PISA) mathematics results for a country, Russia, where the two tests provide contradictory information about students' relative performance. Russian students do…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Policy, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Carnoy, Martin; Froumin, Isak; Loyalka, Prashant K.; Tilak, Jandhyala B. – Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, 2014
Because higher education serves both public and private interests, the way it is conceived and financed is contested politically, appearing in different forms in different societies. What is public and private in education is a political--social construct, subject to various political forces, primarily interpreted through the prism of the state.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Finance, Educational Change, Higher Education
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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Loyalka, Prashant; Schmidt, William H.; Zakharov, Andrey – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
International assessments, such as the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), are being used to recommend educational policies to improve student achievement. This study shows that the cross-sectional estimates behind such recommendations may be biased. We use a unique data set from one country that applied the PISA mathematics test…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Outcomes of Education, Longitudinal Studies, Achievement Tests