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Raje, Sonali; Krach, Michael; Kaplan, Gail – Mathematics Teacher, 2013

Concepts in mathematics are often universally applicable to other fields. A critical aspect for success in high school or college is the ability to transfer content knowledge from one discipline to another. This is especially true for material learned in the sciences and mathematics. Several studies have suggested that strong mathematical skills…

Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Mathematics, Problem Solving

Raff, Lionel M.; Cannon, William R. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2019

For 26 years, it has been assumed by some that the thermodynamics of open-system biochemical reactions must be executed by performing Legendre transformations on the terms involving the species whose concentrations are being held fixed. In contrast, standard nontransformed thermodynamics applies to chemical processes. However, it has recently been…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, College Science, Scientific Concepts

Rittenhouse, Robert C. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2015

The "atoms first" philosophy, adopted by a growing number of General Chemistry textbook authors, places greater emphasis on atomic structure as a key to a deeper understanding of the field of chemistry. A pivotal concept needed to understand the behavior of atoms is the restriction of an atom's energy to specific allowed values. However,…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Undergraduate Study, College Science

Contreras-Ortega, C.; Bustamante, N.; Guevara, J. L.; Portillo, C.; Kesternich, V. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2007

A general mathematical treatment for chemical systems is described that might help students to better understand the real scope of the mathematical equations. The extent to which an equation acceptably describes a chemical system is determined from the limiting values of practical chemical variables and the concordance value defined by given…

Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Chemistry, Science Instruction, College Science

Desjardins, Steven G. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

In this paper we describe an interdisciplinary course on dynamics that is appropriate for nonscience majors. This course introduces ideas about mathematical modeling using examples based on pendulums, chemical kinetics, and population dynamics. The unique emphasis for a nonmajors course is on chemical reactions as dynamical systems that do more…

Descriptors: Majors (Students), Kinetics, Chemistry, Spreadsheets

DePierro, Ed; Garafalo, Fred; Toomey, Rick – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

This paper summarizes difficulties that chemistry students at all levels commonly exhibit when translating, manipulating, and interpreting mathematical expressions that contain logarithms, and offers approaches that the authors have found useful to help students overcome such difficulties. The online supplement provides problem sets created by the…

Descriptors: Advanced Students, Problem Sets, Chemistry, Equations (Mathematics)

Eberhart, James G. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2010

Most thermodynamic properties are either extensive (e.g., volume, energy, entropy, amount, etc.) or intensive (e.g., temperature, pressure, chemical potential, mole fraction, etc.). By the same token most of the mathematical relationships in thermodynamics can be written in extensive or intensive form. The basic laws of thermodynamics are usually…

Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Chemistry, Scientific Concepts, Equations (Mathematics)

Garland, Eva R.; Garland, Harry T. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2006

A summer course was developed with the goal of preparing girls to succeed in secondary school chemistry. Group work and mathematical, logical, and laboratory skills were stressed in the course, with minimal emphasis on memorization. Students who took the summer course ranked statistically higher during their first semester of high school chemistry…

Descriptors: Summer Schools, Chemistry, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction

Burkholder, Phillip R.; Purser, Gordon H.; Cole, Renee S. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

Intermolecular forces play an important role in many aspects of chemistry ranging from inorganic to biological chemistry. These forces dictate molecular conformation, species aggregation (including self-assembly), trends in solubility and boiling points, adsorption characteristics, viscosity, phase changes, surface tension, capillary action, vapor…

Descriptors: Advanced Courses, Chemistry, Molecular Structure, Science Instruction

Poce-Fatou, J. A.; Bethencourt-Nunez, M.; Moreno, C.; Pinto-Ganfornina, J. J.; Moreno-Dorado, F. J. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008

This article presents a lab experience to study detergency from a physicochemical point of view intended for undergraduate students. By means of a simple experimental device, we analyze the influence of the surfactant concentration in both distilled water and tap water. Our method is based on the measurement of diffuse reflectances of polyester…

Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Program Development, Laboratory Experiments, Science Experiments

Arnquist, Isaac J.; Beussman, Douglas J. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2007

Biological mass spectrometry is an important analytical technique in drug discovery, proteomics, and research at the biology-chemistry interface. Currently, few hands-on opportunities exist for undergraduate students to learn about this technique. With the 2002 Nobel Prize being awarded, in part, for the development of biological mass…

Descriptors: College Science, Undergraduate Students, Chemistry, Scientific Concepts

The Critical Role of Two-Year Colleges in Improving Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

Peer reviewed

Rhoton, Jack – Journal of College Science Teaching, 1993

Discusses the current and future roles of two-year colleges in science, mathematics, and engineering education. (PR)

Descriptors: Biology, Chemistry, College Science, Earth Science

Peer reviewed

Glick, David – Physics Teacher, 1995

Presents a technique that helps students concentrate more on the science and less on the mechanics of algebra while dealing with introductory physics formulas. Allows the teacher to do complex problems at a lower level and not be too concerned about the mathematical abilities of the students. (JRH)

Descriptors: Algebra, Chemistry, Equations (Mathematics), Mathematics

Celestino, Teresa; Marchetti, Fabio – Journal of Chemical Education, 2015

Educating future scientists and citizens is more effective if students are guided to correctly apply what they learned in school to their daily lives. This experience-based work is focused on the study of a well-known commercial product: cat litter. This material offers different starting points for a critical examination. Questions related to…

Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Chemistry, High School Students, Science Instruction

Hackman, Desiree; And Others – 1994

This document is designed to provide practical information for teaching the Chemistry 20-30 Program of Studies. The first section provides an overview of Chemistry 20, explaining the program philosophy and the relationships among science, technology, and society. The use of concept connections and teaching a course around major science themes is…

Descriptors: Chemistry, Educational Resources, Foreign Countries, Science Curriculum