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Ascher, Carol – 1983
Poor, minority, and low ability students suffer most from the general lack of sustained opportunity to study mathematics in American public schools. Studies indicate that preschool and kindergarten students show only minor social class or racial differences in mathematical thinking and that differences in mathematical performance among older…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Black Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged
Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC. – 1988
For almost 20 years, student achievement in the United States has been measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reported in recent years as "The Nation's Report Card." Based on a sample size of 25,000 students at each of three grade levels, it has provided the only data that reflect in a comprehensive way what…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Elementary School Mathematics