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Hildenbrand, Claudia; Niklas, Frank; Cohrssen, Caroline; Tayler, Collette – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between children's attendance at different types of early childhood education and care programmes and their mathematical and verbal skills. Analyses of data from 1314 children participating in an Australian longitudinal study, the E4Kids project, revealed no relationship between children's verbal ability…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Cohrssen, Caroline; Tayler, Collette; Cloney, Dan – Education 3-13, 2015
The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia governs early childhood education in the years before school in Australia. Since this framework is not a curriculum, early childhood educators report uncertainty regarding what mathematical concepts to teach and how to teach them. This implementation study, positioned within the broader E4Kids…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Mathematics Instruction
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Verdine, Brian N.; Bunger, Ann; Athanasopoulou, Angeliki; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Learning the names of geometric shapes is at the intersection of early spatial, mathematical, and language skills, all important for school-readiness and predictors of later abilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated whether socioeconomic status (SES) influenced children's processing of shape names and…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Preschool Children, Geometric Concepts, Naming
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Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Elias, John T.; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
The purpose of this study was to compare subgroups of students with various forms of learning difficulties (< 25th percentile) on cognitive and mathematics characteristics. Students with mathematics difficulty (MD, n = 105), reading difficulty (RD, n = 65), both (MDRD, n = 87), or neither (NoLD, n = 403) were evaluated on an array of cognitive…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Student Characteristics, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills
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McElvain, Cheryl M.; Smith, Heidi A. – Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 2016
The issues that prompt this study are based on current research indicating the positive effects of inquiry learning on the cognitive development of children. The purpose of this case study was to understand the effects of inquiry learning on the academic achievement and bilingual verbal ability of 5th grade bilingual students in a French/English…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Active Learning, Bilingual Education, Cognitive Development
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Duncan, Robert; Nguyen, Tutrang; Miao, Alicia; McClelland, Megan; Bailey, Drew – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Executive function (EF) is considered a set of interrelated cognitive processes, including inhibitory control, working memory, and attentional shifting, that are connected to the development of the prefrontal cortex and contribute to children's problem solving skills and self regulatory behavior (Best & Miller, 2010; Garon, Bryson, &…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Preschool Children, Child Development
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Rhodes, Katherine T.; Branum-Martin, Lee; Washington, Julie A.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Using multitrait, multimethod data, and confirmatory factor analysis, the current study examined the effects of arithmetic item formatting and the possibility that across formats, abilities other than arithmetic may contribute to children's answers. Measurement hypotheses were guided by several leading theories of arithmetic cognition. With a…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Tests, Test Format, Psychometrics
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 7 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, At Risk Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014
This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hollenbeck, Kurstin N.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Seethaler, Pamela M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore the utility of a dynamic assessment (DA) of algebraic learning in predicting third graders' development of mathematics word-problem difficulty. In the fall, 122 third-grade students were assessed on a test of math word-problem skill and DA of algebraic learning. In the spring, they were assessed on…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Problem Solving, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Quinn, David – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
A substantial body of evidence has shown large academic test score gaps between black and white students in early childhood. These gaps remain, and probably grow, as students progress through school. Many researchers have sought to explain these persistent test score gaps, and particularly, to understand the role of students' socio-economic status…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Childhood Education, African American Students, White Students
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 6 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Numbers, Mathematics, Grade 4
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McGrew, Kevin S.; Knopik, Susan N. – Journal of School Psychology, 1996
Calculated intra-cognitive strengths and weaknesses of children in grades 1 through 12, using two common criteria for defining exceptionality. Found that an individual's total number of significant intra-cognitive strengths and/or weaknesses has little diagnostic significance as pertains to low- or under-achievement in reading, mathematics, or…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Children, Cognitive Tests