ERIC Number: EJ1080784
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Child Welfare, Education, Inequality, and Social Policy in Comparative Perspective
Fusarelli, Lance D.
Peabody Journal of Education, v90 n5 p677-690 2015
Using international data on child well-being and educational attainment, this article compares child well-being in the United States to member countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Multiple measures of child well-being are analyzed, such as material well-being (including poverty, unemployment, and income inequality), child health and safety (birth weight, infant mortality, health care, and childcare), educational attainment, and family and peer relationships (including generational cleavages). Using Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory as an organizational framework, the impact and interrelatedness of these systems on educational attainment are examined, with parallels drawn between a nation's social policies, child well-being, and educational attainment. The author asserts that social policy in the United States is more comprehensive than is commonly believed, although the redistributive benefits of social policies are allocated much differently compared to OECD countries. Explanations for comparative differences in social policy include differences in political culture and political development as well as racial and class conflict. The author concludes that it is difficult to ignore the role of race and socioeconomic class in explaining differences in social welfare expenditures between the United States and European countries because the pattern of social welfare distribution (broadly conceived--including programs, tax breaks, and incentives) falls largely along racial and class lines.
Descriptors: Well Being, Educational Attainment, Comparative Analysis, Poverty, Family Relationship, Peer Relationship, Public Policy, Race, Socioeconomic Status, Expenditures, Incentives, Taxes, Systems Approach, Child Welfare, Child Health, Welfare Services, Safety, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Belgium; Canada; Denmark; Finland; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Portugal; Romania; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom; United States