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Hudson, John; Kühner, Stefan – UNICEF, 2016
This Report Card presents an overview of inequalities in child well-being in 41 countries of the European Union (EU) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It focuses on 'bottom-end inequality' -- the gap between children at the bottom and those in the middle -- and addresses the question 'how far behind are…
Descriptors: Children, Child Health, Well Being, Life Satisfaction
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Ruglis, Jessica; Vallée, Daniel – Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2016
Four diverse English-speaking Montreal public school students who self-identify as being disengaged with their schooling experience constructed photo essays telling the story of their disengagement in school. Analyzed in conjunction with photo-elicitation interviews and fieldnotes, we find that youth are involved in a struggle against systemic…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Public Schools, Student Attitudes, Learner Engagement
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Garces-Ozanne, Arlene; Kalu, Edna Ikechi; Audas, Richard – Health Education & Behavior, 2016
There remains a persistent gap in health outcomes between wealthy and poor countries. Basic measures such as life expectancy and infant and under-five mortality remain divergent, with preventable deaths being unacceptably high, despite significant efforts to reduce these disparities. We examine the impact of empowerment, measured by Freedom…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Health Conditions, Empowerment, Civil Rights
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Calero, Jorge; Choi, Álvaro – European Journal of Education, 2017
The most painful effect of the Great Recession in European countries has been the surge in unemployment rates during a period that has been characterised by an increase in income inequality and the heterogeneous pattern of this inequality by educational level. Thus, workers with low levels of educational attainment were among the first to lose…
Descriptors: Adults, Unemployment, Comparative Analysis, Human Capital
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Vegas, Emiliana; Coffin, Chelsea – Comparative Education Review, 2015
We analyze the diminishing correlations between education expenditure and learning outcomes to address two fundamental questions: Do education systems with different levels of education spending have different student achievement levels? If so, at what amount of education spending does the relationship between increased expenditure and student…
Descriptors: Expenditures, Correlation, Expenditure per Student, Foreign Countries
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Mok, Ka Ho; Wen, Zhuoyi; Dale, Roger – Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2016
In the last two decades, we have witnessed a rapid expansion of higher education in Mainland China and Taiwan, recording a significant increase in higher education enrolments in these two Chinese societies. The massification of higher education in China and Taiwan has inevitably resulted in an oversupply of university graduates, with growing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment Potential, College Students, College Graduates
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Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; Lee, Kenneth T. H. – AERA Open, 2016
Both income inequality and the achievement test score gap between high- and low-income children increased dramatically in the United States beginning in the 1970s. Recent work by Chetty, Hendren, Kline, Saez, and Turner (2014) suggests that, unlike the test score gap, the gap in college enrollment is essentially constant. This article takes a…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends
Duncan, Greg J.; Murnane, Richard J. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2014
Can the nation's schools meet today's challenge of providing all students with the skills they will need to thrive in the rapidly changing economy and society of the 21st century? The authors point out in this article that a large percentage of children, overwhelmingly from low-income families, end their formal schooling without the…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Equal Education, Skill Development, Disadvantaged
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Jeong, Dong Wook; Kim, Young-sik; Hong, Ji-young – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2013
A dearth of literature examines across-school disparities in education resources within local government agencies, particularly in Asia Pacific countries. Little is known about what leads to their inequitable distributions. In this article, we provide some answers by decomposing the inequalities of school resources. In Korea, individual schools…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Equal Education, Educational Equity (Finance), Resource Allocation
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Espinoza, Oscar; McGinn, Noel; González, Luis; Sandoval, Luis; Castillo, Dante – Education & Training, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine which of the two variables would be a more reliable proxy for quality of university training--graduates' satisfaction with their degree program, or institutional prestige. Design/methodology/approach: Graduates of professional psychology and teaching programs from three Chilean universities…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods, Job Satisfaction
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Van Heertum, Richard – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2013
Neoliberalism is the dominant economic paradigm in the globe today. It has led to stagnant wages, high unemployment, increased income inequality and a decline in quality of life for the average citizen in the industrialised world over the past 30?years. It has also fomented a dramatic increase in economic instability, culminating in the 2007…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Welfare Services, Educational Change, Economic Change
Fiore, Francesca Louise – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Since their inception in the 1960s, federally funded workforce development programs have promised a solution to unemployment, labor market skills gaps, and income inequality. However, until recently, lack of data and methodological challenges have made evaluation of these programs difficult. Funded by the U.S. Department of Labor in response to…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Financial Support, Capacity Building, Employment
Daniel, John – Council for Higher Education Accreditation, 2018
Faster and more wide-ranging innovation is often urged as the key to solving the various challenges that currently face humankind, from climate change to income inequality. This article looks at a complex example of innovation, the portability of qualifications proposed in the "Groningen Declaration on Student Data Depositories…
Descriptors: Innovation, Privacy, Trust (Psychology), Student Mobility
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
Alon, Titan M. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This paper builds a model of human capital accumulation driven by increasing specialization of the workforce. Individuals increase the efficiency of time dedicated to human capital acquisition by focusing investments on narrower sets of skills. The evolution of secondary and post-secondary curricula in the United States from 1870-2000 confirms the…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Specialization, Labor Force, Efficiency
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