ERIC Number: EJ1036562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Growing Income Inequality Threatens American Education
Duncan, Greg J.; Murnane, Richard J.
Phi Delta Kappan, v95 n6 p8-14 Mar 2014
The first of two articles in consecutive months describes the origins and nature of growing income inequality, and some of its consequences for American children. It documents the increased family income inequality that's occurred over the past 40 years and shows that the increased income disparity has been more than matched by an expanding gap between the amounts of money that low- and high-income parents spend on enrichment activities for their children. It also shows that the growth in income inequality has been accompanied by increasing gaps in academic achievement. The article draws from the first part of the author's recent book, "Restoring Opportunity: The Crisis of Inequality and the Challenge for American Education" (Harvard Education Press and the Russell Sage Foundation, 2014). The second part of the series, also drawn from "Restoring Opportunity," describes ideas based on proven policy approaches that will enable the country to make progress on the enormous task of restoring the educational opportunities that children from low-income families need if they are to lead productive and fulfilling lives.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Enrichment Activities, Family Income, Reading Achievement, Higher Education, Graduation Rate, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A