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Showing 61 to 75 of 258 results Save | Export
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Debarnot, Ursula; Maley, Laura; De Rossi, Danilo; Guillot, Aymeric – Brain and Cognition, 2010
The present study aimed to investigate whether an interference task might impact the sleep-dependent consolidation process of a mentally learned sequence of movements. Thirty-two participants were subjected to a first training session through motor imagery (MI) or physical practice (PP) of a finger sequence learning task. After 2 h, half of the…
Descriptors: Motor Reactions, Memory, Task Analysis, Sleep
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Stafford, James M.; Maughan, DeeAnna K.; Ilioi, Elena C.; Lattal, K. Matthew – Learning & Memory, 2013
An issue of increasing theoretical and translational importance is to understand the conditions under which learned fear can be suppressed, or even eliminated. Basic research has pointed to extinction, in which an organism is exposed to a fearful stimulus (such as a context) in the absence of an expected aversive outcome (such as a shock). This…
Descriptors: Memory, Fear, Learning Processes, Brain
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Pavesi, Eloisa; Heldt, Scott A.; Fletcher, Max L. – Learning & Memory, 2013
Experience-induced changes associated with odor learning are mediated by a number of signaling molecules, including nitric oxide (NO), which is predominantly synthesized by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the brain. In the current study, we investigated the role of nNOS in the acquisition and retention of conditioned olfactory fear. Mice…
Descriptors: Memory, Generalization, Fear, Olfactory Perception
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Popp, Earl Y.; Serra, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Recent research suggests that human memory systems evolved to remember animate things better than inanimate things. In the present experiments, we examined whether these effects occur for both free recall and cued recall. In Experiment 1, we directly compared the effect of animacy on free recall and cued recall. Participants studied lists of…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cues
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Krebs-Kraft, Desiree L.; Wheeler, Marina G.; Parent, Marise B. – Learning & Memory, 2007
Septal infusions of the [gamma]-aminobutyric acid (GABA)[subscript A] agonist muscimol impair memory, and the effect likely involves the hippocampus. GABA[subscript A] receptors are present on the perikarya of cholinergic and GABAergic septo-hippocampal (SH) projections. The current experiments determined whether GABAergic SH projections are…
Descriptors: Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurological Impairments, Neurological Organization
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Weller, Peter D.; Anderson, Michael C.; Gómez-Ariza, Carlos J.; Bajo, M. Teresa – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
Retrieving memories can impair recall of other related traces. Items affected by this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) are often less accessible when tested with independent probes, a characteristic known as cue independence. Cue independence has been interpreted as evidence for inhibitory mechanisms that suppress competing items during…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Memory, Cues, Inhibition
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Bermudez-Rattoni, Federico; Okuda, Shoki; Roozendaal, Benno; McGaugh, James L. – Learning & Memory, 2005
Extensive evidence indicates that the insular cortex (IC), also termed gustatory cortex, is critically involved in conditioned taste aversion and taste recognition memory. Although most studies of the involvement of the IC in memory have investigated taste, there is some evidence that the IC is involved in memory that is not based on taste. In…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Animals, Brain
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Pink, Annabel; Newton, Philip M. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2020
Working memory is critical for learning but has a limited capacity for processing new information in real time. Cognitive load theory is an evidence-based approach to education that seeks to minimize the extraneous (unnecessary) load on working memory to avoid overloading it. The "seductive details effect" postulates that extraneous load…
Descriptors: Animation, Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Chan, Jason C. K.; Langley, Moses M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
Although retrieval practice typically enhances memory retention, it can also impair subsequent eyewitness memory accuracy (Chan, Thomas, & Bulevich, 2009). Specifically, participants who had taken an initial test about a witnessed event were more likely than nontested participants to recall subsequently encountered misinformation--an effect we…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Testing, Observation, College Students
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Gamiz, Fernando; Gallo, Milagros – Learning & Memory, 2011
We have investigated the effect of protein kinase Mzeta (PKM[zeta]) inhibition in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) upon the retention of a nonspatial learned active avoidance response and conditioned taste-aversion (CTA) acquisition in rats. ZIP (10 nmol/[mu]L) injected into the BLA 24 h after training impaired retention of a learned…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Control Groups, Memory, Animals
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Klemen, Jane; Buchel, Christian; Buhler, Mira; Menz, Mareike M.; Rose, Michael – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2010
Attentional interference between tasks performed in parallel is known to have strong and often undesired effects. As yet, however, the mechanisms by which interference operates remain elusive. A better knowledge of these processes may facilitate our understanding of the effects of attention on human performance and the debilitating consequences…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Attention
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Miu, Andrei C.; Heilman, Renata M.; Opre, Adrian; Miclea, Mircea – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2005
Emotional arousal can both enhance and impair memory. Considering that both emotional memory and trait anxiety (TA) have been associated with adrenergic activity, the authors investigated whether there is an association between 2 opposite emotional memory biases and the TA. The authors used a procedure recently put forward by B. A. Strange, R.…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Anxiety, Arousal Patterns
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Kalish, Michael L.; Newell, Ben R.; Dunn, John C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
It is sometimes supposed that category learning involves competing explicit and procedural systems, with only the former reliant on working memory capacity (WMC). In 2 experiments participants were trained for 3 blocks on both filtering (often said to be learned explicitly) and condensation (often said to be learned procedurally) category…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Classification, Learning, Accuracy
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Jeneson, Annette; Squire, Larry R. – Learning & Memory, 2012
Early studies of memory-impaired patients with medial temporal lobe (MTL) damage led to the view that the hippocampus and related MTL structures are involved in the formation of long-term memory and that immediate memory and working memory are independent of these structures. This traditional idea has recently been revisited. Impaired performance…
Descriptors: Intervals, Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
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Mercimek, Baris; Akbulut, Yavuz; Dönmez, Onur; Sak, Ugur – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2020
Multitasking refers to the simultaneous execution of two or more tasks. Perceived multitasking superiority of the digital natives and gifted students in the popular education literature need to be investigated with robust studies. In this regard, the effect of different multitasking scenarios on multimedia learning was investigated with 93 gifted…
Descriptors: Time Management, Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Academically Gifted
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