ERIC Number: EJ690247
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jan
Children's Home Environments: Understanding the Role of Family Structure Changes
Kowaleski-Jones, Lori; Dunifon, Rachel
Journal of Family Issues, v25 n1 p3-28 Jan 2004
Using data from the 1996 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) merged mother-child sample, we investigate the impact of two family events, parental divorce and the birth of a sibling, on the cognitive stimulation and emotional support provided to children in the home. We use fixed-effect regression techniques to control for unmeasured mother- and child-specific characteristics and measure responses to these family changes before, during, and after the events. We find that an impending birth is associated with increased emotional support provided to children, whereas concurrent births are associated with decreased support. Additionally, we find that, after controlling for unmeasured variables, divorce does not have an adverse effect on the home environments of boys and girls; in fact, a divorce occurring in a previous time period is associated with a modest increase in emotional support provided to girls.
Descriptors: Siblings, Divorce, Family Environment, Family Influence, Children, Parent Child Relationship, Family Structure, Emotional Development, Cognitive Development, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth