ERIC Number: EJ1107930
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Varicella Immunization Requirements for US Colleges: 2014-2015 Academic Year
Leung, Jessica; Marin, Mona; Leino, Victor; Even, Susan; Bialek, Stephanie R.
Journal of American College Health, v64 n6 p490-495 2016
Objective: To obtain information on varicella prematriculation requirements in US colleges for undergraduate students during the 2014-2015 academic year. Participants: Health care professionals and member schools of the American College Health Association (ACHA). Methods: An electronic survey was sent to ACHA members regarding school characteristics and whether schools had policies in place requiring that students show proof of 2 doses of varicella vaccination for school attendance. Results: Only 27% (101/370) of schools had a varicella prematriculation requirement for undergraduate students. Only 68% of schools always enforced this requirement. Private schools, 4-year schools, northeastern schools, those with <5,000 students, and schools located in a state with a 2-dose varicella vaccine mandate were significantly more likely to have a varicella prematriculation requirement. Conclusions: A small proportion of US colleges have a varicella prematriculation requirement for varicella immunity. College vaccination requirements are an important tool for controlling varicella in these settings.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Immunization Programs, Health Promotion, Online Surveys, Institutional Characteristics, School Policy, Standards, Private Colleges, Public Colleges, Geographic Location, School Size, Communicable Diseases, Surveys, Probability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A