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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Zajchowski, Chris A. B.; Brownlee, Matthew T. J.; Furman, Nate N. – Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2016
Heuristics--cognitive shortcuts used in decision-making events--have been paradoxically praised for their contribution to decision-making efficiency and prosecuted for their contribution to decision-making error (Gigerenzer & Gaissmaier, 2011; Gigerenzer, Todd, & ABC Research Group, 1999; Kahneman, 2011; Kahneman, Slovic, & Tversky,…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Outdoor Education, Adventure Education, Decision Making
Nalls, Tommy Lee, Jr. – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Productive hiring practices can increase the opportunity that every student will be taught by an effective teacher. Integrity of hiring practices is sacrificed when decision-making models, methods, and protocols fall short due to improper implementation. To compensate for the lack of information generated from poor hiring resources and protocols,…
Descriptors: Teacher Selection, Comparative Analysis, Heuristics, Decision Making
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Çekmez, Erdem; Güler, Mustafa – Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 2019
There is a large body of literature concerning the potential of dynamic geometry software (DGS) in the problem solving process. However, questions regarding how teaching should take place to prepare students to use DGS as a heuristic tool in non-routine problem situations seem to be overlooked. To address this gap in the literature, the current…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Problem Solving, Mathematics Teachers, Geometry
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Chen, Ying-Chih – Reading Teacher, 2019
One of the major goals of science education is preparing students to be scientifically literate. Argumentation is a core practice to promote both scientific literacy and science learning. However, incorporating argumentation into science teaching can be challenging for both teachers and students. The author introduces the Science Talk--Writing…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Scientific Literacy, Science Education, Persuasive Discourse
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Gallagher, Jennifer L.; Farley, Jennifer – Middle Grades Review, 2019
This paper presents a multi-case study of teacher candidates in a pre-service middle grades social studies methods course. The study aimed to understand how middle grades teacher candidates viewed their future as upstanders with agency in middle grades settings. The focus of the research was on heuristic representations that the teacher candidates…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Social Studies
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Sim, Gavin; Read, Janet C. – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2016
Teaching practices within educational institutions have evolved through the increased adoption of technology to deliver the curriculum and the use of computers for assessment purposes. For educational technologists, there is a vast array of commercial computer applications available for the delivery of objective tests, and in some instances,…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Educational Technology, Heuristics, Usability
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Yang, Wenjing; Dietrich, Arne; Liu, Peiduo; Ming, Dan; Jin, Yule; Nusbaum, Howard C.; Qiu, Jiang; Zhang, Qinglin – Creativity Research Journal, 2016
Evidence from a range of fields indicates that inventions are often inspired by drawing a parallel to solutions found in nature. However, the cognitive mechanism of this process is not well understood. The cognitive mechanism of heuristic prototype in scientific innovation was tested with 3 experiments. First, 84 historical accounts of important…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Problem Solving, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Calucag, Lina S. – Journal of Education and Practice, 2016
This is an experimental study, made used of the non-randomized experimental and control groups, pretest-posttest designs. The experimental and control groups were two separate intact classes in Algebra. For a period of twelve sessions, the experimental group was subjected to the scientific heuristic method, but the control group instead was given…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Experimental Groups
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Jett, Noel; Rinn, Anne N. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2019
Although acceleration has been studied thoroughly as an educational practice for the gifted, early entrance to college specifically has been overlooked. Furthermore, a large portion of this research pertained to early college entrance programs, which provide resources that many early college entrants may not have. The lived experiences and…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Academically Gifted, Acceleration (Education), College Admission
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Consilio, Jennifer; Kennedy, Sheila M. – Across the Disciplines, 2019
Mindfulness, or present-moment awareness, and its associated qualities of calm/relaxation, nonjudgment, intentionality, concentration, and compassion, are increasingly being used to help cultivate self-awareness, attention, and optimal learning experiences. After defining mindfulness and selecting key concepts, we apply the construct and features…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Perception, Attention, Intention
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Bazvand, Ali Darabi; Kheirzadeh, Shiela; Ahmadi, Alireza – International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 2019
The findings of previous research into the compatibility of stakeholders' perceptions with statistical estimations of item difficulty are not seemingly consistent. Furthermore, most research shows that teachers' estimation of item difficulty is not reliable since they tend to overestimate the difficulty of easy items and underestimate the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High Stakes Tests, Test Items, Difficulty Level
Kennedy, Keight Tucker – ProQuest LLC, 2016
Spirituality in the workplace has received increased focus over the past two decades. This heuristic study examined how religious spirituality informs and/or influences individual perceptions of meaningful work experiences. A literature review on the subject found a dearth of research. The primary research question was the following: What is the…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Religious Factors, Work Environment, Work Attitudes
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Mapes, Meggie – Communication Teacher, 2019
Courses: Storytelling, persuasion, gender and communication, argumentation and debate. Objectives: In this essay, I map a unit-specific activity for an undergraduate class in argumentation and debate. I argue for the integration of a trans-affirming pedagogy as a key rhetorical frame in communication studies courses. Such pedagogical commitments…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Persuasive Discourse, Debate, Interpersonal Communication
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Agustin, Eric Datu – International Journal of Instruction, 2019
Ethical theories are key principles that determine right decisions and actions in morally problematic situations. Using phenomenological method of data collection, explication, and interpretative, the adolescent interviewees in this study revealed the essential nature, structure, content, and meaning of their personal moral beliefs and other…
Descriptors: Ethics, Moral Values, Heuristics, Adolescents
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