NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Laws, Policies, & Programs
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing 76 to 90 of 254 results Save | Export
Hardiman, Pamela Thibodeau; And Others – 1984
Protocols were obtained from 22 subjects as they discovered the conditions under which equilibrium is obtained on a balance beam by predicting and observing the outcomes of a series of problems. The interviews revealed that subjects used a variety of heuristics to make predictions once they had isolated the two relevant features of the problem,…
Descriptors: College Students, Concept Formation, Epistemology, Expectation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Shreeves, Michael; Gugerty, Leo; Moore, DeWayne – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2020
Background: Research on causal reasoning often uses group-level data analyses that downplay individual differences and simple reasoning problems that are unrepresentative of everyday reasoning. In three empirical studies, we used an individual differences approach to investigate the cognitive processes people used in fault diagnosis, which is a…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Learning Strategies, Abstract Reasoning, Logical Thinking
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Freedman, Eric B. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
Scholars often define historical reasoning as constructing defensible interpretations of past events. Drawing on critical theory, this article suggests that it also entails consciously framing one's topic of inquiry. The article examines an instructional unit that aimed to foster this expanded view of historiography. Forty students, ages 14-15,…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Critical Thinking, Teaching Methods, War
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Juslin, Peter; Nilsson, Hakan; Winman, Anders; Lindskog, Marcus – Cognition, 2011
Research on probability judgment has traditionally emphasized that people are susceptible to biases because they rely on "variable substitution": the assessment of normative variables is replaced by assessment of heuristic, subjective variables. A recent proposal is that many of these biases may rather derive from constraints on cognitive…
Descriptors: Probability, Logical Thinking, Cognitive Processes, Bias
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Nuttgens, Simon – Research Ethics, 2021
Ethical decision-making is inherent to the research ethics committee (REC) deliberation process. While ethical codes, regulations, and research standards are indispensable in guiding this process, decision-making is nonetheless susceptible to nonrational factors that can undermined the quality, consistency, and perceived fairness REC decisions. In…
Descriptors: Research, Ethics, Decision Making, Research Committees
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Joughin, Gordon; Boud, David; Dawson, Phillip – Higher Education Research and Development, 2019
Students' capacity for making evaluative judgements of their own work is widely acknowledged as central to their learning within programmes as well as being vital to their subsequent professional practice. In higher education literature, the act of evaluative judgement is usually portrayed as a process of deliberative, analytical reasoning…
Descriptors: Evaluative Thinking, Decision Making, Heuristics, Bias
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Auld, Euan; Morris, Paul – Globalisation, Societies and Education, 2021
This paper applies insights from narrative theory to analyse the OECD's transition to providing humanitarian large-scale assessments under the SDGs, situating this within the evolving dynamics of a global development complex. The perspective is guided by the thematic interests of the special issue, with the goal of enriching understanding of both…
Descriptors: International Organizations, Economic Development, Global Approach, International Relations
Campbell, Stephen R.; Handscomb, Kerry; Zaparyniuk, Nicholas E.; Sha, Li; Cimen, O. Arda; Shipulina, Olga V. – Online Submission, 2009
Geometry is required for many secondary school students, and is often learned, taught, and assessed more in a heuristic image-based manner, than as a formal axiomatic deductive system. Students are required to prove general theorems, but diagrams are usually used. It follows that understanding how students engage in perceiving and reasoning about…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Brain, Cognitive Processes, Geometry
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Atkinson, Maxine P.; Wills, Jeremiah B.; McClure, Amy I. – Teaching Sociology, 2008
The debate defining thinking, critical thinking, and higher-level thinking is expansive. Geersteen (2003) provides an excellent review of this literature and suggests that one way to distinguish between lower- and higher-level thinking is based on the level of abstraction. In this article, the authors focus on analysis and synthesis or…
Descriptors: Evidence, Tables (Data), Heuristics, Data Analysis
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Dasgupta, Ishita; Guo, Demi; Gershman, Samuel J.; Goodman, Noah D. – Cognitive Science, 2020
As modern deep networks become more complex, and get closer to human-like capabilities in certain domains, the question arises as to how the representations and decision rules they learn compare to the ones in humans. In this work, we study representations of sentences in one such artificial system for natural language processing. We first present…
Descriptors: Natural Language Processing, Man Machine Systems, Heuristics, Sentences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Stieff, M. – Learning and Instruction, 2007
This article presents 3 studies that examine how students and experts employ mental rotation and a learned heuristic to solve chemistry tasks that involve spatial information. Results from Study 1 indicate that despite instruction in analytical strategies, students choose to employ mental rotation on canonical assessment tasks. In Study 2, experts…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Heuristics, Chemistry
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Alter, Adam L.; Oppenheimer, Daniel M.; Epley, Nicholas; Eyre, Rebecca N. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2007
Humans appear to reason using two processing styles: System 1 processes that are quick, intuitive, and effortless and System 2 processes that are slow, analytical, and deliberate that occasionally correct the output of System 1. Four experiments suggest that System 2 processes are activated by metacognitive experiences of difficulty or disfluency…
Descriptors: Cues, Metacognition, Intuition, Critical Thinking
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Humenberger, Hans – Australian Mathematics Teacher, 2018
This article gives an example for using Dynamic Geometry Software to encourage making conjectures, reasoning, and experiencing mathematics as a process.
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Computer Software, Mathematics Instruction, Geometric Concepts
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Zhao, Yanmei; Zhang, Zhengtang; Xu, Wenjian; Zhang, Qinglin – Creativity Research Journal, 2019
Although research from a range of fields indicates the importance of innovation for progress in those fields, there is not yet a set of best practices for promoting insights that lead to scientific innovation. This article proposes and tests the hypothesis that function-construction maps based on prototype and heuristic theory lead to increased…
Descriptors: Innovation, Scientific Research, Creativity, Best Practices
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Wu, Charley M.; Meder, Björn; Filimon, Flavia; Nelson, Jonathan D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
While the influence of presentation formats have been widely studied in Bayesian reasoning tasks, we present the first systematic investigation of how presentation formats influence information search decisions. Four experiments were conducted across different probabilistic environments, where subjects (N = 2,858) chose between 2 possible search…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Information Seeking, Search Strategies, Search Engines
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  17