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Showing 31 to 45 of 202 results Save | Export
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Lipscomb, Shannon T.; Becker, Derek R.; Laurent, Heidemarie; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Reiss, David; Fisher, Philip A.; Leve, Leslie D. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
This study examined children's morning hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation as a moderator of links between hostile, over-reactive parenting at age 4.5 years and children's skills for success in school (higher executive function and literacy and less externalizing behaviour) at age 6. Participants included 361 adoptive families.…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Young Children, Executive Function
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McRae, Elizabeth M.; Stoppelbein, Laura; O'Kelley, Sarah E.; Fite, Paula; Greening, Leilani – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Parental adjustment, parenting behaviors, and child routines have been linked to internalizing and externalizing child behavior. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate a comprehensive model examining relations among these variables in children with ASD and their parents. Based on Sameroff's Transactional Model of Development (Sameroff…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Destructive Behavior
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Rodriguez, M. L.; Dumont, K.; Mitchell-Herzfeld, S. D.; Walden, N. J.; Greene, R. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2010
Objectives: This paper examines the effectiveness of the Healthy Families New York (HFNY) home visiting program in promoting parenting competencies and preventing maladaptive parenting behaviors in mothers at risk for child abuse and neglect. Methods: The study used microlevel observational assessments of mother-child interactions in the third…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Child Abuse, Mothers, Prevention
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Orri, Massimiliano; Girard, Lisa-Christine; Pingault, Jean-Baptiste; Rouquette, Alexandra; Herba, Catherine; Falissard, Bruno; Côté, Sylvana M.; Berthoz, Sylvie – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Children's early emotional environment strongly influences their later behavioural development. Yet, besides maternal depression, limited knowledge exists about the effect of other emotions and the role of fathers. Using 290 triads (mother/father/child), we investigated how positive (SEEKING, CARING, PLAYFULNESS) and negative (FEAR, ANGER,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Parenting Styles, Child Behavior, Parent Child Relationship
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Xu, Yiyuan; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Zhang, Zengxiu – Child Development, 2009
This study examined the additive and interactive effects of temperament and harsh and indulgent parenting on Chinese children's proactive and reactive aggression. Participants were 401 children (M [subscript age] = 9.29 years, 203 girls) and their parents who were recruited from 2 elementary schools in Shanghai, People's Republic of China. The…
Descriptors: Aggression, Child Rearing, Foreign Countries, Parenting Styles
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Jutengren, Goran; Kerr, Margaret; Stattin, Hakan – Journal of School Psychology, 2011
The predictive effects of peer victimization and harsh parenting on deliberate self-harm were examined. As derived from the experiential avoidance model, the study also tested whether these links were moderated by individual self-regulation approaches. Data were collected at two points in time from 880 junior high school students (mean age =…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Child Rearing, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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Li, James J.; Lansford, Jennifer E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Inconsistent parental discipline is a robust correlate of child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, but few studies have considered the role of inconsistent "positive" parenting on ADHD, as well as the effects of stress on negative and positive parental consistency. This study advanced a novel ecological momentary…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Parents, Children, Stress Variables
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Vitaro, Frank; Barker, Edward Dylan; Boivin, Michel; Brendgen, Mara; Tremblay, Richard E. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2006
The goal of this study was to examine the links between difficult temperament (i.e., negative emotionality) and harsh parental discipline during toddlerhood, and reactive and proactive aggression in kindergarten. These links were assessed on a longitudinal population-based study of 1516 boys and girls followed longitudinally from the age of 17…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Aggression, Personality, Prediction
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Hughes, Claire; Ensor, Rosie – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2006
Background: Cognitive and family factors are implicated in the origins of behavioural problems, but little is known about their independence or interplay. Methods: We present data from 127 two-year-olds from predominantly disadvantaged families who completed tests of "theory of mind" (ToM), executive function (EF) and verbal ability. Researchers'…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Behavior Problems, Disadvantaged, Child Rearing
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Gustafsson, Hanna C.; Cox, Martha J. – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2012
The authors examined the relations among intimate partner violence (IPV), maternal depressive symptoms, and maternal harsh intrusive parenting. Using a cross-lagged, autoregressive path model, they sought to clarify the directionality of the relations among these 3 variables over the first 2 years of the child's life. The results indicated that,…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Rural Areas, Family Violence, Child Rearing
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White, Rebecca M. B.; Liu, Yu; Nair, Rajni L.; Tein, Jenn-Yun – Developmental Psychology, 2015
The family stress model represents a common framework through which to examine the effects of environmental stressors on adolescent adjustment. The model suggests that economic and neighborhood stressors influence youth adjustment via disruptions to parenting. Incorporating integrative developmental theory, we examined the degree to which parents'…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Stress Variables, Mexican Americans, Family Environment
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Out, Dorothee; Pieper, Suzanne; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Zeskind, Philip Sanford; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2010
Objective: To examine the underlying mechanisms of adults' intended caregiving responses to cry sounds in a behavioral genetic design and to investigate the role of cry pitch and perceived urgency in sensitive and harsh caregiving responses. Methods: The sample consisted of 184 adult twin pairs (18-69 years), including males and females, parents…
Descriptors: Research Design, Twins, Child Rearing, Crying
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White, Rebecca M. B.; Roosa, Mark W. – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2012
The family stress model posits that contextual stressors, such as neighborhood danger, negatively influence youth adjustment, including internalizing symptoms, via disruptions in parenting and family processes. The current study examined a culturally and contextually modified family stress model in a diverse sample of Mexican-origin fathers and…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Neighborhoods, Mexican Americans, Child Rearing
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Hughes, Claire; Ensor, Rosie – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Exposure to harsh parenting and children's skills in "Theory of Mind" (ToM) show independent and interacting associations with problem behaviors at age 2 (Hughes & Ensor, 2006). This study examined whether these age-2 measures also predict age-4 problem behaviors. Method: In a socially diverse sample (N = 120), multi-informant,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Family Characteristics, Child Rearing, Verbal Ability
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Kawabata, Yoshito; Alink, Lenneke R. A.; Tseng, Wan-Ling; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Crick, Nicki R. – Developmental Review, 2011
How does parenting affect relational aggression in children? The goal of the present series of meta-analyses based on 48 studies (28,097 children) was to analyze and integrate the findings on the associations between various types of parenting behaviors and relational aggression, and to identify potential substantive and methodological factors…
Descriptors: Aggression, Mothers, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing
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