ERIC Number: EJ1157048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Associations between Peer Harassment and School Risk and Protection Profiles
Gloppen, Kari M.; Gower, Amy L.; McMorris, Barbara J.; Eisenberg, Marla E.
Journal of School Health, v87 n11 p832-841 Nov 2017
Background: Peer harassment can have serious implications for students' success and well-being, and prevention programs need to consider the school context. This study aimed to: (1) identify groups of similar schools based on their risk and protective factors and demographic characteristics and (2) examine associations between school profiles and students' bullying involvement. Methods: Data came from 505 schools and 122,106 students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. School-level risk and protective factors and demographic characteristics were included in a latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify profiles of schools. Multilevel logistic regression was used to assess associations between school profiles and peer harassment. Results: Six qualitatively different school profiles were identified. Unadjusted models showed that schools with higher levels of risk had greater odds of peer harassment. However, after controlling for student-level risk and protection, regardless of school-level risk, students in metro-area schools with a more diverse student body reported lower odds of bullying involvement. Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of the social environment into peer harassment. In addition to addressing student-level risk and protection, larger community factors and norms also need to be taken into account for developing, selecting, and implementing the most effective approaches to bullying prevention.
Descriptors: Bullying, Prevention, Student Surveys, Risk, Regression (Statistics), Profiles, Models, Program Implementation, At Risk Students, Risk Assessment, Statistical Analysis, Qualitative Research, Child Safety, Institutional Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota
Grant or Contract Numbers: R40MC26815