ERIC Number: EJ1166093
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
Decisional Bias as Implicit Moral Judgment
Spring, Toni; Saltzstein, Herbert D.
International Journal of Developmental Science, v11 n3-4 p81-86 2017
Decisional bias (false alarm rate) when judging the guilt/innocence of a suspect is offered as an implicit measure of moral judgment. Combining two data sets, 215 participants, ages 10-12, 13-15, and 16-18 watched the visually identical film involving a person setting a fire, framed either as (1) intentional but not resulting in a fire (BI-NF), (2) unintentional but resulting in a major fire (NI-F), or (3) intentional and resulting in a major fire (BI-F). After watching the film, participants identified "seriatim" who of six individuals was the perpetrator and how certain they were. The data were subjected to a "signal detection analysis." Participants also explicitly judged "how bad" the perpetrator and act were. The implicit measure fit Piaget's claim of "moral realism," shifting from judging wrongness according to the outcome to judging according to the actor's intentions, better than the explicit traditional measures.
Descriptors: Decision Making, Bias, Moral Values, Preadolescents, Adolescents, Films, Crime, Intention, Criminals, Elementary School Students, Junior High School Students, Student Attitudes, Perception, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)