ERIC Number: EJ1050209
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Guilt- and Shame-Proneness Differentially Predict Prosocial, Aggressive, and Withdrawn Behaviors during Early Adolescence?
Roos, Sanna; Hodges, Ernest V. E.; Salmivalli, Christina
Developmental Psychology, v50 n3 p941-946 Mar 2014
In this short-term longitudinal study, we systematically examined the distinctiveness of guilt- and shame-proneness in early adolescents (N = 395, mean age = 11.8 years) in terms of differential relations with peer reported prosocial behavior, withdrawal, and aggression. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that guilt-proneness concurrently predicted more aggressive and less prosocial behavior as well as subsequent increases in prosocial behavior. Shame-proneness predicted subsequent decreases in prosocial behavior. Although girls reported a greater proneness to experience guilt and shame than boys, the associations between the two dispositional emotions and social behaviors were found to be similar across time and gender.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Predictor Variables, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression, Withdrawal (Psychology), Early Adolescents, Peer Groups, Structural Equation Models, Gender Differences, Emotional Response, Social Behavior, Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, Grade 5, Grade 6, Questionnaires, Student Behavior, Peer Evaluation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland