ERIC Number: EJ1100342
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
The Risks We Are Willing to Take: Youth Civic Development in "Postwar" Guatemala
Bellino, Michelle J.
Harvard Educational Review, v85 n4 p537-562 Win 2015
In this article, Michelle J. Bellino explores contrasting approaches to civic education in two rural schools serving indigenous Maya youth in post-civil war Guatemala. Through comparative ethnography, she examines how youth civic pathways intersect with legacies of authoritarianism while young people shape their identity as members of historically oppressed groups. She suggests that student decisions about how and when to participate in civic issues function as a risk calculus, taking into consideration the costs and benefits of both participation and nonparticipation as well as the civic obligation to abstain or join communities in struggle. Although serving similarly impoverished communities hard-hit by state actors during the war and now struggling with issues of indigenous autonomy, both schools position daily experiences with injustice as an entry point for constructing youth citizenship. Beyond this shared experience of historical injustice and its ongoing effects, educators envision young peoples' roles according to different risk structures. In this way, youth construct civic pathways while traversing between the potential for risk and reward, in part informed by their experiences in school.
Descriptors: Risk, Foreign Countries, Citizen Participation, Rewards, American Indian Students, Cost Effectiveness, Poverty, History, Ethnography, Educational Experience, Teaching Methods, Rural Schools, Self Concept, War, High School Students, Disadvantaged, Justice, Observation, Semi Structured Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Guatemala