ERIC Number: ED183028
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Dec
Attitudes Toward Guarani and Spanish: A Pilot Study in Paraguay.
Rhodes, Nancy C.
This study analyzes the language attitudes of the Paraguayan people toward their two languages, Guarani and Spanish. To study the bilingual situation in the South American country, a pilot survey was carried out in the capital city addressing the major topics of language attitudes, language usage, and language varieties. The goals of the survey were: (1) to find out the Paraguayans attitudes toward their two languages, (2) to find out if they valued Guarani, (3) to see how they viewed the future of Guarani, (4) to see what they thought of using Guarani and/or Spanish in the schools, and (5) to see how knowledge of the two languages influenced their ability to use them. In the data analysis it was found that 78% of the 65 informants thought that Spanish and Guarani should be used as languages of instruction. The results showed that although they saw Guarani as an interference with Spanish, they also viewed Spanish as having a lexical and phonological influence on Guarani. The responses of those with different mother tongues were compared, and it was found that 77% of the Guarani mother tongue speakers thought that both languages should be used in school, compared to 56% of the Spanish mother tongue speakers. This study can be used to view objectively the educational system in Paraguay as it is affected by the bilingual situation. (NCR)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Cognitive Processes, Guarani, Language Attitudes, Language Dominance, Language Instruction, Language of Instruction, Language Planning, Language Research, Official Languages, Questionnaires, Second Language Learning, Sociolinguistics, Spanish, Standard Spoken Usage, Surveys
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A