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ERIC Number: EJ967885
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-May
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 9
ISSN: ISSN-0194-2638
Group Intervention in Pediatric Rehabilitation
LaForme Fiss, Alyssa
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, v32 n2 p136-138 May 2012
Group intervention in pediatric physical and occupational therapy is an alternative to individual intervention allowing the therapist to meet the needs of multiple children at one time. Survey research indicates that approximately 40% to 60% of pediatric physical and occupational therapists use group intervention at least occasionally in practice, making investigation of group intervention important. Support of administrators, other service providers, and parents is necessary for successful group interventions, and a perceived lack of support can create barriers to effective implementation. Identifying strategies to encourage administrative support for group training, planning, and intervention activities may be an important first step in implementing group interventions. Collaborating with other therapists with complementary skills and intervention styles, and communicating with and including parent input for group interventions may improve perceived support and overall effectiveness of group interventions. Group participation was also reported to result in improvement in children's motivation, social participation, and well-being by both parents and therapists. Group intervention provides opportunities for peer moral support and encouragement, peer modeling, and socialization between group members. Group interventions allow children to apply new skills in a social context and allow therapists to assess children's abilities and evaluate challenges in a social setting. Parents of children with disabilities can meet and interact with other parents who have similar children or experiences. This valuable peer contact and interaction is often more difficult with individual intervention models. Perhaps the most important consideration for group interventions is quality of outcomes. The author encourages therapists to consider using group interventions, as appropriate, in their setting. Therapists should consider facilitators and barriers to group interventions that exist in their practice and identify potential solutions to those barriers. Therapists should seek input from colleagues, parents, and children to determine what group interventions they may consider in their practice. Finally, therapists are encouraged to collect and to share outcomes of the effectiveness of group interventions with the profession. More evidence is needed to support or discourage the continued use of group interventions in pediatric rehabilitation, and experiences of practicing therapists can help guide research in this area.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A