ERIC Number: EJ1032739
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Metacognition and Group Differences: A Comparative Study
Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.
Exceptionality, v22 n3 p173-189 2014
In this study, metacognition refers to performing visual analysis and discrimination of real life events and situations in naïve psychology, naïve physics, and naïve biology domains. It is used, along with measuring reaction time, to examine differences in the ability of four groups of students to select appropriate pictures that correspond with other pictures representing specific events, actions, or behaviors. Results showed no significant differences between deaf, hearing students from public Arabic schools, and hearing multinational students from private English school when correct responses were measured based on reaction time. These three groups of students obtained significantly higher correct scores and took significantly less reaction time to respond to items on the test compared to students with mild mental disabilities. This study suggests that students' age, processing time, and nuances that accompany the behavior could be advanced toward developing a model that explains inter- and intra-differences in metacognition.
Descriptors: Metacognition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Foreign Countries, Public Schools, Comparative Analysis, Pictorial Stimuli, Visual Discrimination, Private Schools, Reaction Time, Scores, Mild Mental Retardation, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Students, Special Schools, Single Sex Schools, English, Language of Instruction, International Schools, Problem Solving, Logical Thinking, Statistical Analysis, Gender Differences, Semitic Languages, Arabs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A