ERIC Number: EJ1090273
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
What Good Is Gratitude in Youth and Schools? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Correlates and Intervention Outcomes
Renshaw, Tyler L.; Olinger Steeves, Rachel M.
Psychology in the Schools, v53 n3 p286-305 Mar 2016
The development of gratitude in youth has received increasing attention during the past several years, and gratitude-based interventions have often been recommended for use in schools. Yet, the empirical status of the correlates of gratitude and the effects of gratitude-based interventions on youths' outcomes remains unclear. The present study addressed this ambiguity by systematically reviewing and meta-analyzing original empirical journal articles investigating gratitude in youth through September 2014 (N = 20). Findings from the meta-analysis of correlates indicate small-to-moderate convergent and discriminant evidence for gratitude as a subjective well-being indicator in youth, yet other results indicate that gratitude measures have relatively poor test--retest reliability and/or predictive validity and that they have questionable concurrent validity with other gratitude measures. Moreover, findings from the meta-analysis of intervention outcomes indicate that gratitude-based interventions are, as a whole, generally ineffective and that much more intervention research is warranted. Implications of these findings for theory, future research, and the practice of school psychology are discussed.
Descriptors: Positive Attitudes, Prosocial Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Intervention, Correlation, Meta Analysis, Youth, Attitude Measures, Well Being, Reliability, Predictive Validity, Pretests Posttests, School Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A