NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ745299
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 14
ISSN: ISSN-0002-7685
Winter Biology and Freeze Tolerance in the Goldenrod Gall Fly
Sandro, Luke H.; Lee, Richard E., Jr.
American Biology Teacher, v68 n1 p29-35 Jan 2006
This article describes a variety of opportunities for educational activities that can be found in the complex, yet easy-to-manipulate, trophic relationships between goldenrod plants, insects that induce gall formation, and the natural enemies of these gallmakers. Gall collection, measurement, and observation (exit holes, larval response, temperature, etc.) can help students develop scientific process skills including observation, classification, measurement, inference, prediction, control of experimental variables, and material manipulation. Galls can also be studied to learn about insect ovipositing behavior and plant responses to three types of gallmakers--each with its own distinct gall type. Likewise, classroom activities can focus on the collection and study of galls to discover principles of ecology and insect life cycles. (Contains 2 figures.)
National Association of Biology Teachers. 12030 Sunrise Valley Drive #110, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-406-0775; Tel: 703-264-9696; Fax: 703-264-7778; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A