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ERIC Number: ED304642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Gestalt Therapy and General System Theory.
Whitner, Phillip A.
While General Systems Theory (GST) concepts appear to be applicable in explaining some of the phenomena that occur in a Gestalt Therapy group, research is needed to support this assumption. General Systems Theory may not be a group theory per se. Instead, GST may be a theory about groups. A meta-theory exists where its value and usefulness is found in the theory's ability for describing phenomena common to all group theories. Nevertheless, GST certainly acknowledges: (1) the individual as a multi-system person; (2) the therapist as the most important person in the group; (3) the emotional-cognitive process as a system; (4) the importance of the boundary concept; (5) that the importance of the boundary functions, systeming and summing, and that emotional exchanges are not long lasting; (5) there are various levels for intervention within a group, including intrapsychic, interpersonal, and group, and intervention can occur at any level; and (6) the unique advantages of the therapist "thinking systems" with the focus on process instead of content thinking. The interactions within a therapeutic group and attempts to transpose one theory to another are complex; General Systems Theory thinking is new and highly complex. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A