ERIC Number: EJ748515
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Gender Role Orientation and Anxiety Symptoms among African American Adolescents
Palapattu, Anuradha G.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Ginsburg, Golda S.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v34 n3 p423-431 Jun 2006
The present study evaluated gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety symptoms among adolescents. Specifically, the relation between gender, gender role orientation (i.e., masculinity and femininity), self-esteem, and anxiety symptoms was examined in a community sample of 114 African Americans aged 14 to 19 (mean age 15.77; 57 girls). Results revealed that masculinity was negatively associated with anxiety symptoms whereas femininity was positively associated with anxiety symptoms. Gender role orientation accounted for unique variance in anxiety scores above biological gender and self-esteem, and self-esteem moderated the relation between femininity (but not masculinity) and overall anxiety symptoms. Consistent with research on children and Caucasians, findings supported gender role theory as a partial explanation for the observed gender disparity in anxiety symptoms among African American adolescents.
Descriptors: Sex Role, Orientation, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), African Americans, Adolescents, Gender Differences, Self Esteem, Role Theory, Masculinity, Sexual Identity, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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