ERIC Number: EJ772000
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
An Exploration of Gender-Role Expectations and Conflict among Women Rugby Players
Fallon, Melissa A.; Jome, LaRae M.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v31 n3 p311-321 Sep 2007
Gender-role conflict theory has suggested that women athletes will experience role conflict because they are attempting to enact both feminine and masculine gender roles, yet research findings have shown mixed support for this notion. The purpose of this study was to explore how women rugby players negotiate gender-role expectations and conflict as women participating in a traditionally masculine sport. Eleven Caucasian women, noncollege rugby players between the ages of 25 and 38 were interviewed. The results indicated that women rugby players perceived numerous discrepant gender-role expectations. In addition, three different types of gender-role conflict emerged; however, similar to previous findings, participants perceived conflicting expectations for their gender-role behavior more than they seemed to experience conflict about those expectations. Participants actively employed various strategies to resolve or avoid experiencing gender-role conflict. The resiliency displayed by the women athletes in coping with discrepant gender-role messages provides new considerations for gender-role conflict theory.
Descriptors: Females, Role Conflict, Athletes, Sex Role, Team Sports, Masculinity, Personality Traits, Expectation, Young Adults, Social Attitudes, Coping
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A