ERIC Number: EJ1019081
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Examining Differential Math Performance by Gender and Opportunity to Learn
Albano, Anthony D.; Rodriguez, Michael C.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v73 n5 p836-856 Oct 2013
Although a substantial amount of research has been conducted on differential item functioning in testing, studies have focused on detecting differential item functioning rather than on explaining how or why it may occur. Some recent work has explored sources of differential functioning using explanatory and multilevel item response models. This study uses hierarchical generalized linear modeling to examine differential performance due to gender and opportunity to learn, two variables that have been examined in the literature primarily in isolation, or in terms of mean performance as opposed to item performance. The relationships between item difficulty, gender, and opportunity to learn are explored using data for three countries from an international survey of preservice mathematics teachers.
Descriptors: Test Bias, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Gender Differences, Educational Opportunities, Difficulty Level, Test Items, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Tests, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Item Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Secondary Education; Postsecondary Education
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