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Hogue, Mary; Dubois, Cathy L. Z.; Fox-Cardamone, Lee – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2010
Because pay expectations play a role in the persistent gender pay gap, we surveyed 435 undergraduate students to examine the impacts of gender, job intentions, and self-views on the pay expectations of pre-career women and men. Our findings showed a gender gap in which women expected to be paid less than men expected to be paid at the beginning…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Females, Self Efficacy, Gender Differences
Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2011
There has been a long-standing concern amongst policymakers, economists, and trade unions over the persistent earnings gap between men and women in the Canadian labour market. Although this gap has narrowed over time, women's average hourly wages still remain about 16% lower than that earned by men. The reasons for this inequality in male and…
Descriptors: Females, Academic Rank (Professional), Womens Education, Foreign Countries
Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem – Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, 2018
The gender wage gap, the disparity in pay between men and women, has narrowed to 81 cents in 2016 from 57 cents on the dollar in 1975. Nevertheless, the gap persists. Over the course of a career, the gender wage gap results in women earning $1 million less than men do. To close this gap, women have relied primarily on the advantages conferred by…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Bias, Wages, Academic Degrees
American Association of University Women, 2014
You've probably heard that men are paid more than women are paid over their lifetimes. But what does that mean? Are women paid less because they choose lower-paying jobs? Is it because more women work part time than men do? Or is it because women tend to be the primary caregivers for their children? The American Association of University Women's…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Wages, Salaries, Gender Bias
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Smith, Stacy L. – Teaching Sociology, 2017
A modified version of Monopoly has long been used as a simulation exercise to teach inequality. Versions of Modified Monopoly (MM) have touched on minority status relative to inequality but without an exploration of the complex interaction between minority status and class. This article introduces Gender Stratified Monopoly (GSM), an adaptation…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Simulation, Minority Groups, Social Status
Howard-Baldwin, Tonia; Celik, Bekir; Kraska, Marie – Online Submission, 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the job satisfaction of men and women administrators in higher education in a four-year university in the southeast. In addition, the study examined whether there was a relationship between gender and overall job satisfaction, work climate, and job structure. Data were collected in the spring of 2009. …
Descriptors: Higher Education, Marital Status, Job Satisfaction, Statistical Analysis
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Crocco, Margaret S.; Cramer, Judith; Meier, Ellen B. – Multicultural Education & Technology Journal, 2008
Purpose: Focusing on gender as an aspect of diversity, the purpose of this paper is to review social studies research on technology, and suggest a new direction, with gender redefined from a gap to be eliminated to a difference to be explored. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is a literature review of research on gender, technology, and…
Descriptors: Females, Self Efficacy, Sex Fairness, Males
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Green, Francis; Henseke, Golo; Vignoles, Anna – British Educational Research Journal, 2017
Though a relative small part of the school sector, private schools have an important role in British society, and there are policy concerns about their negative effect on social mobility. Other studies show that individuals who have attended a private school go on to have higher levels of educational achievement, are more likely to secure a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Private Schools, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education
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Chapman, David W.; Wagner, Alan P. – Review of Higher Education, 1986
After statistically removing differences associated with institutional and other personal characteristics used to determine salary, women admissions officers were shown to receive $1,000 to $3,000 less annually than did men admissions officers. Gender differences in pay increased from 1980 to 1982. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Administrators, Admissions Officers, College Administration, Comparative Analysis
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Foran, Heather M.; Smith Slep, Amy M.; Heyman, Richard E. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious health concern, but little is known about prevalence of IPV in the armed forces, as military members cope with the pressures of long-standing operations. Furthermore, previous prevalence studies have been plagued by definitional issues; most studies have focused on acts of aggression without…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Marital Status, Aggression, Females
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Kaufman, Gayle; Bernhardt, Eva – Family Relations, 2012
This study examines workplace culture and fertility plans and transitions in Sweden. This study goes beyond previous research in examining the effect of particular job characteristics as well as the influence of a partner's job characteristics on women's and men's birth plans and transitions. We use data from the 1999 and 2003 Swedish Young Adult…
Descriptors: Females, Foreign Countries, Males, Young Adults
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Saha, Bibhas; Sensarma, Rudra – Journal of Education and Work, 2011
We study returns to academic specialisation for Indian corporate sector workers by analysing cross-sectional data on male employees randomly selected from six large firms. Our analysis shows that going to college pays off, as it brings significant incremental returns over and above school education. However, the increase in returns is more…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Males
Botelho, Fernando Balbino – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The first chapter studies the effects of a teacher performance bonus program implemented in Brazil in 2008. The program covered all schools directly managed by the State of Sao Paulo government, and was based on a standardized test run by the state education authority. I use high-school exit exams organized by the federal government (ENEM) to…
Descriptors: Wages, Merit Pay, Females, Standardized Tests
Mulvey, Janet – Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2010
The evidence is clear: America's boys are being left behind by current practices in the classroom. Boys are dropping out of high schools in significant numbers, failing to complete college degrees, and behaving more violently. The author states that teachers should pay close attention to statistics that track these trends, seriously regard the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Males, Teaching Methods, Gender Differences
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Jackson, Linda A. – Journal of Social Issues, 1989
Discusses how gender differences in the value of pay, based on relative deprivation theory, explain women's paradoxical contentment with lower wages. Presents a model of pay satisfaction to integrate value-based and comparative-referent explanations of the relationship between gender and pay satisfaction. Discusses economic approaches to the…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Employed Women
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