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Keefe, Jeffrey – Economic Policy Institute, 2018
In light of the Pennsylvania's most recent pension cuts and the challenges the state faces in attracting and retaining qualified teachers, this report asks two primary questions in this study: (1) How does teacher pay compare with the pay of other comparable workers in Pennsylvania--that is, are Pennsylvania public school teachers underpaid (which…
Descriptors: Compensation (Remuneration), Retirement Benefits, State Legislation, Teacher Shortage
American Association of University Women, 2014
It's been said that men are paid more than women are paid over their lifetimes. But what does that mean? Are women paid less because they choose lower-paying jobs? Is it because more women work part time than men do? Or is it because women tend to be the primary caregivers for their children? AAUW's "The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Gender Discrimination, Comparable Worth, Salary Wage Differentials
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Renard, Monika K. – Journal of Management Education, 2008
Can you name 20 influences on pay that could cause a difference in earnings between two ostensibly equal employees? This short, involving exercise can be used to illustrate the numerous influences that affect how employees' pay is determined, for example, education, experience required for the job, supply and demand, company size, seniority, and…
Descriptors: Employees, Supply and Demand, Organization Size (Groups), Salaries
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Porter, Stephen R.; Toutkoushian, Robert K.; Moore, John V., III – Review of Higher Education, 2008
The national media and academic journals have reported a sizable wage gap between men and women in academe--a gap that has persisted over time. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics for 2004-2005 show that the average salary for all male faculty ($69,337) exceeded the average salary for female faculty ($56,926) by almost 22%.…
Descriptors: Wages, Women Faculty, Labor Market, Gender Discrimination
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Dozier, Raine – Social Forces, 2010
During the 1980s and 1990s, industrial restructuring led to a marked increase in wage inequality. Women, however, were not as negatively affected by declining manufacturing employment because their pay was relatively low within the industry, and their already high representation in the service sector provided access to newly created opportunities.…
Descriptors: Females, Employment Patterns, Manufacturing, Whites
American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2008
Over the last generation, the instructional staffing system in American higher education has experienced a significant reduction in the proportion of jobs for full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty members and a dramatic growth in fixed-term full- and part-time instructional jobs without tenure. About 70 percent of the people teaching in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Tenure, Public Colleges, Health Insurance
Toutkoushian, Robert K. – 1998
This paper summarizes the key findings of two separate studies of issues pertaining to pay equity for faculty by race and gender. Data were obtained from the 1988 and 1993 National Studies of Postsecondary Faculty, which contain information on 11,013 and 31,354 faculty, respectively. It was found that the unexplained wage gap between men and women…
Descriptors: Blacks, College Faculty, Comparable Worth, Comparative Analysis
Dunn, Dana – 1997
The following papers are included: "Foreword" (Paula England); "Introduction to the Study of Women and Work" (Dana Dunn); "Gender Culture and Socialization" (Rita Mae Kelly); "Parental Influence and Women's Careers" (Sue Joan Mendelson Freeman); "Shortchanging Girls: Gender Socialization in…
Descriptors: Blacks, Blue Collar Occupations, Career Choice, Case Studies