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Renard, Monika K. – Journal of Management Education, 2008
Can you name 20 influences on pay that could cause a difference in earnings between two ostensibly equal employees? This short, involving exercise can be used to illustrate the numerous influences that affect how employees' pay is determined, for example, education, experience required for the job, supply and demand, company size, seniority, and…
Descriptors: Employees, Supply and Demand, Organization Size (Groups), Salaries
Scully, Maura King – CURRENTS, 2011
Advancement is a women-dominated profession. The numbers say so: Approximately two-thirds of Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) members are women, and one-third are men. What does this mean for women and the advancement profession as a whole? As anyone who has ever analyzed statistics can tell, it depends. The numbers…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation, Women Administrators
Frechette, Julie – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
Although gender discrimination in all of its manifestations is often thought to be absent from higher education, academic institutions are hierarchical organizations that offer rewards, status and privilege, thereby rendering the status of women within these institutions politically and economically vulnerable. With each generation of female…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Organizational Culture, Administrative Organization, Power Structure
Schuller, Tom – Adults Learning, 2007
One of the most striking, and almost universal, educational trends of the last decade has been the shift in the relative achievements of males and females. In almost every OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) country, girls now do better than boys at almost every level, up to and including doctoral, and in almost every…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Educational Trends, Gender Differences, Social Capital
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Dozier, Raine – Social Forces, 2010
During the 1980s and 1990s, industrial restructuring led to a marked increase in wage inequality. Women, however, were not as negatively affected by declining manufacturing employment because their pay was relatively low within the industry, and their already high representation in the service sector provided access to newly created opportunities.…
Descriptors: Females, Employment Patterns, Manufacturing, Whites
American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2008
Over the last generation, the instructional staffing system in American higher education has experienced a significant reduction in the proportion of jobs for full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty members and a dramatic growth in fixed-term full- and part-time instructional jobs without tenure. About 70 percent of the people teaching in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Tenure, Public Colleges, Health Insurance